The assembly was responsible for declaring war, military strategy and electing the strategoi and other officials. It was responsible for nominating and electing magistrates (árchontes), thus indirectly electing the members of the Areopagus.
What was the role of the Assembly in the Athenian government?
The Assembly (ἐκκλησία) was the regular opportunity for all male citizens of Athens to speak their minds and exercise their votes regarding the government of their city. It was the most central and most definitive institution of the Athenian Democracy.
What are the roles in ancient Athens?
Therefore, the roles in ancient Athens were very structured and rigid. The male citizens worked very hard politically, while they left the women with the task of bearing children, and the slaves with the backbreaking physical work that allowed the city to function.
How was the role of the Assembly different in Sparta and in Athens?
Both Athens and Sparta had an assembly, whose members were elected by the people. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. … Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy.
Where are Athenians assembled?
Normally at Athens, the Ecclesia assembled at the pnyx (an open-air auditorium west of the Acropolis with a retaining wall, orator’s stand, and an altar), but it was one of the jobs of the boule’s prytaneis (leaders) to post the agenda and location of the next meeting of the Assembly.
When was the Athenian assembly created?
In the Athens of the 5th and 4th centuries bc, the prytaneis, a committee of the Boule (council), summoned the Ecclesia both for regular meetings, held four times in each 10th of the year, and for special sessions.
How often did the Assembly meet in Athens?
According to the Aristotelian Constitution of the Athenians (Ath. Pol. 43.4), the Assembly in Athens met four times every prytany. At each one of these meetings certain topics had to be discussed or voted on.
How did families in Sparta different from those in Athens?
Family life was very different in Sparta, and in Athens. In Sparta, a child would almost never get to see his dad whom was away at war or in military training. The child was taken away from his mother at the age of six, and was brought to military war training. … In Athens, a boy knew his mother AND father.
Who won Sparta or Athens?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes.
Was Sparta or Athens better?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers.
How was the Athenian assembly chosen?
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.
How did someone get into the assembly in Sparta?
Assembly of the People
The Spartan Assembly was similar to the Athenian Ecclesia. … Spartan citizens were automatically admitted to the Assembly once they reached the age of 30.
Why did the assembly meet outdoors?
The assembly met outdoors on a hillside so that everyone could attend the meetings. During meetings, people stood before the crowd and gave speeches on political issues. Every citizen had the right to speak his opinion. In fact, the Athenians encouraged people to speak.