The aristocracy, including politicians, top military officials, and the landed elite.
What were wealthy people called in ancient Greece?
The upper-class and wealthy men of ancient Greece were aristocrats. This meant the government would give ruling power to wealthy, male citizens. Wealthy men of ancient Greece often owned property and land.
What did the upper class do in ancient Greece?
This upper class was responsible for everything from the government to education and philosophy. If there was any type of work that needed to be done, slaves were required. Most homes in ancient Greece had slaves to take on these menial tasks.
Athenian society was composed of four main social classes – slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens).
What was royalty called in ancient Greece?
Monarchy: One Person Inherits Power
From about 200 to 800 B.C.E., a monarchy, or king, ruled most of Greek city-states. In a monarchy, the governing power is in the hands of one individual, usually a king. Greek settlements did not allow queens to govern. Initially, the people of a Greek city-state chose the kings.
What was the most powerful class in ancient Greek society?
In Greek society, men were the most powerful group, but other social groups—women, children, enslaved people, freed people, labourers, and foreigners—could make up as much as 90 percent of the total polis population.
What is ancient Greek communities called?
A city-state, or polis, was the community structure of ancient Greece. Each city-state was organized with an urban center and the surrounding countryside. Characteristics of the city in a polis were outer walls for protection, as well as a public space that included temples and government buildings.
What were the lower class Greeks called?
geōmoroi, also called agroikoi or geōrgoi, class of citizens in ancient Greek society. In 7th-century-bce Attic society, geōmoroi were freemen, generally peasant farm holders, lower on the social and political scale than the eupatridae, the aristocracy, but above the dēmiourgoi, the artisans.
Is lower class and working class the same?
Lower class (occasionally described as working class) are those employed in low-paying wage jobs with very little economic security. The term “lower class” also refers to persons with low income.
Most sociologists define social class as a grouping based on similar social factors like wealth, income, education, and occupation. These factors affect how much power and prestige a person has.
What is the name for members of the upper class who were large landowners and dominated the political life of their city states?
The aristocrats were often split into powerful family factions or clans who controlled all of the important political positions in the polis. Their wealth came from having property and even more importantly, the best land, i.e.: the most fertile and the closest to the protection offered by the city walls.
The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens.
social class, also called class, a group of people within a society who possess the same socioeconomic status. Besides being important in social theory, the concept of class as a collection of individuals sharing similar economic circumstances has been widely used in censuses and in studies of social mobility.
What were Greek kings called?
By 800 B.C.E., most of the Greek city-states were no longer ruled by kings. In an oligarchy government, the power to make decisions is in the hands of two to three rich men, usually called oligarchs or kings. The word oligarchy comes from the Greek root words oligos (which means “few”) and arkhein (which means “rule”).
What were Greek leaders called?
Archon (Greek: ἄρχων, romanized: árchōn, plural: ἄρχοντες, árchontes) is a Greek word that means “ruler”, frequently used as the title of a specific public office.
Is monarch a Greek word?
Monarch comes from the Greek mono, “one,” and archon, “ruler.” Many modern monarchies actually have parliaments and constitutions, leaving the monarch more symbolic than powerful. A monarch is also a particularly royal looking butterfly with orange wings and black and white spots.