The democracy that we know today traveled from a monarchy through an oligarchy through tyranny and eventually made its way to the classical form of Athenian democracy. Many men through the ages of Greece shaped the Athenian democracy both through their successes and failures.
How did the government of Athens change over time?
Over time some city-states, like Athens would change governments. Sometimes they were ruled by Tyrants and, at other times, they were a democracy. Democracy in Ancient Greece was very direct. What this means is that all the citizens voted on all the laws.
What was the progression of Athenian government?
Like many of other city-states of the 800’s BC, Athens was ruled by a monarchy, where individual kings passed down their rule from generation to generation. These kings held absolute power over the city. The common people typically made up the foot soldiers, or infantry, in Greek armies.
How did the role of the Greek city-states change over time?
The city-states, or polis, really began as small agricultural communities. Over time, the population of these communities increased and the city-states evolved. They developed their own dialects of the Greek language. Some, like Sparta, developed into a large, complex community.
What was the government of Sparta?
The Athenian Revolution (508–507 BCE) was a revolt by the people of Athens that overthrew the ruling aristocratic oligarchy, establishing the almost century-long self-governance of Athens in the form of a participatory democracy – open to all free male citizens.
Why was Athens government better than Spartans?
Athens focused more on culture, while Sparta focused more on war. The oligarchy structure in Sparta enabled it to keep war as a top priority. The Athenian democratic government gave the citizens in Greece more freedom.
What type of government did Athens have quizlet?
Athens’ government is a democracy, which means citizens have the power. Sparta’s government was an Obligarchy, which means it was in the hands of a few. Athenians liked to trade.
Why was the government of ancient Athens so important?
Athenian democracy refers to the system of democratic government used in Athens, Greece from the 5th to 4th century BCE. Under this system, all male citizens – the dēmos – had equal political rights, freedom of speech, and the opportunity to participate directly in the political arena.
How was society in Athens similar to and different from society in Sparta?
Both Athens and Sparta had an Assembly, whose members were elected by the people. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. … Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy.
How is Athens different from other Greek city-states?
The culture of Athens differed from other Greek city-states by the way that Athenians valued knowledge and learning. Athens was also a democracy, unlike several other Greek city-states. Athens’s main focus was educating boys and young men and for them to take an active role in pubic affairs.
How was Athens government different from Sparta?
The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering.
How was Sparta and Athens government similar?
One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an assembly, whose members were elected by the people. Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually.
How did the government work in the city state of Sparta?
Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member ‘council of elders’ limited their powers. These men were recruited from the highest social class, the aristocratic Spartiates. … Beneath this highest class was a middle class, called the Perioeci.