Your question: What enemy did Athens and Sparta work together to defeat?

Sparta and Athens fought a long war, called the Peloponnesian War, from 431 to 404BC. Only the threat of invasion by a foreign enemy made the Greeks forget their quarrels and fight on the same side. Their biggest enemy were the Persians, who came from an area around modern day Iran.

Who did Sparta and Athens come together to defeat?

Xerxes, son of Darius, vowed revenge against Athenians for the Battle of Marathon. He begins a new invasion of Greece with 180,000 soldiers, thousands of warships, and supply ships. The Greeks decide to join forces to fight the Persian threat. Sparta sends the most soldiers led by King Leonidas.

How did Sparta and Athens work together to win?

During this, Sparta and Athens worked together to win. … -Athens built an alliance with surrounding city-states called the Delian League. -Sparta built an alliance with surrounding city-states called the Peloponnesian League. These were created in order to be better prepared for Persia’s possible return.

Why did Sparta and Athens work together?

Sparta and Athens were brought together as allies due to the Persian invasion of Greece. The Persian emperor, Darius, attempted to take over Greece…

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What war did Sparta and Athens work together?

The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region.

Who defeated Sparta?

A large Macedonian army under general Antipater marched to its relief and defeated the Spartan-led force in a pitched battle. More than 5,300 of the Spartans and their allies were killed in battle, and 3,500 of Antipater’s troops.

Why did Athens lose to Sparta?

Under the Spartan general Lysander, the war raged for another decade. By in 405 B.C. Lysander decimated the Athenian fleet in battle and then held Athens under siege, forcing it to surrender to Sparta in 404 B.C.

Why were Sparta and Athens rivals?

The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from 431 until 404 BC. The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed.

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

First of all, as Sparta claimed, they spared them because of their great contribution during the Persian wars. In those wars Athens was one of the leaders of the coaliation and its men and ships helped won several battles that saved the Greek city-states, most notably Marathon and Salamis.

How did Athens and Sparta unite?

Why did Sparta and Athens unite during the Persian wars? … The battle was a turning point for the Greeks, convincing the Persians to retreat to Asia Minor. By working together, the Greek city-states had saved their homeland from invasion. Describe the battle of marathon in the second Persian strike.

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When did Athens and Sparta work together?

When did Athens and Sparta become allies? In 420 BCE Sparta formed an alliance with Boeotia. Also in 420 BCE the new Athenian leader Alcibiades brokered an alliance between Athens, Argos, Elis and Mantineia.

Who won the Persian war?

Though the outcome of battles seemed to tip in Persia’s favor (such as the famed battle at Thermopylae where a limited number of Spartans managed to wage an impressive stand against the Persians), the Greeks won the war. There are two factors that helped the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire.

How did Athens fall?

Tensions within the Delian League brought about the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE), during which Athens was defeated by its rival, Sparta. Athens lost further power when the armies of Philip II defeated an alliance of Greek city-states.