For the Greeks (or more particularly the Athenians) any system which excluded power from the whole citizen-body and was not a tyranny or monarchy was described as an oligarchy. Oligarchies were perhaps the most common form of city-state government and they often occurred when democracy went wrong.
What was the political structure of the Greek empire?
Usually, the types of government relevant to ancient Greece are listed as three: Monarchy, Oligarchy (generally synonymous with rule by the aristocracy), and Democracy. Simplifying, Aristotle divided each into good and bad forms. Democracy in its extreme form is mob rule.
What was the most important structure in a Greek city?
One of the most influential buildings in Greek history, the Parthenon, stands on top of the citadel of the Acropolis. It was dedicated to the goddess of wisdom and patron of the Athenians, Athena.
What was ancient Athens political structure?
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.
Athenian society was ultimately divided into four main social classes: the upper class; the metics, or middle class; the lower class, or freedmen; and the slave class. The upper class consisted of those born to Athenian parents. They were considered the citizens of Athens.
What was a structure used for watching Greek plays called?
In the center of the orchestra there was often a thymele, or altar. The orchestra of the theater of Dionysus in Athens was about 60 feet in diameter. Theatron: The theatron (literally, “viewing-place”) is where the spectators sat.
What was Sparta’s focus as a city-state?
Sparta’s focus as a city-state was military. They trained young men to become soldiers. They were like the Hikkos and the Assyrians and Unlike the Phoenicians or the Mionaons.
What are 4 structures found in nearly every Greek city?
A Typical Greek City
- Agora. The center of activity in any Greek city was the agora. …
- Acropolis. Large cities often had a hill or high point in the town called the acropolis. …
- Temples. Often there were temples to the gods situated around the agora and in the Acropolis. …
- Theater. …
- Stadium. …
- Houses. …
- Walls and Defense. …
- Outside the Town.
What structures did Greeks build?
The Greeks built most of their temples and government buildings in three types of styles :Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. These styles (also called “orders”) were reflected in the type of columns they used.
How were cities organized in ancient Greece?
A city-state, or polis, was the community structure of ancient Greece. Each city-state was organized with an urban center and the surrounding countryside. Characteristics of the city in a polis were outer walls for protection, as well as a public space that included temples and government buildings.
What was the structure and what were the main principles of ancient Greece government?
Democracy – rule by the people (male citizens). Monarchy – rule by an individual who had inherited his role. Oligarchy – rule by a select group of individuals. Tyranny – rule by an individual who had seized power by unconstitutional means.
How was this form of government practiced in ancient Greece monarchy?
In a monarchy government, the power to make decisions is in the hands of one person, usually called a king or a queen. The word monarchy comes from the Greek root words monos (which means “one”) and arkhein (which means “rule”). … Most kings had councils of advisors who helped them make decisions.
What is the Greek family structure like?
Most Greeks live as nuclear families in a single household; however, the extended family is kept close and visited often. In some cases, more than two generations may live together. … Indeed, Greek children often live in their parents’ home for years into their adulthood.
Athenian society was composed of four main social classes – slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens).
How would you describe the economic structure of Athens the city state?
The Athenian economy was based on trade. The land around Athens did not provide enough food for all the city’s people. But Athens was near the sea, and it had a good harbor. So Athenians traded with other city-states and some foreign lands to get the goods and natural resources they needed.