Greek city-states likely developed because of the physical geography of the Mediterranean region. The landscape features rocky, mountainous land and many islands. These physical barriers caused population centers to be relatively isolated from each other. The sea was often the easiest way to move from place to place.
Why were the city-states in Greece divided?
Greek civilization developed into independent city-states because Greece’s mountains, islands, and peninsulas separated the Greek people from each other and made communication difficult. The steep mountains of the Greek geography also affected the crops and animals that farmers raised in the region.
When did Greece divided into city-states?
Greece’s archaic period occurred between 800 BC and 480 BC and came after what is known as Greece’s dark ages. It is during this time when the city-states truly emerged.
What were the ancient Greek city-states divided by?
The city-states within Greece formed themselves into two leagues; the Achaean League (including Thebes, Corinth and Argos) and the Aetolian League (including Sparta and Athens).
Why were Greek city-states isolated and independent from one another?
Because of natural barriers like mountains and sea, many communities in Ancient Greece were isolated and developed independently of each other. These communites were called city-states. … This was important to the Greeks as it allowed more people to get to know one another and to participate in public life.
What was the main reason that Athens and Sparta fought the Peloponnesian war?
The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.
What was Sparta’s focus as a city-state?
Sparta’s focus as a city-state was military. They trained young men to become soldiers. They were like the Hikkos and the Assyrians and Unlike the Phoenicians or the Mionaons.
Why did the Greeks develop city-states quizlet?
City-states developed when citizens grouped together for protection and stability. … Greek city-states were built on a high acropolis for protection.
Why does a city-state come into being?
1276b: 1-2: A city-state is a partnership of citizens in a system of government. … 1252b: 29-30: The city-state comes into being for the sake of living, but it exists for the sake of living “well” (to eu zen).
What factors led to the emergence of the Greek polis?
The land contains countless scattered islands, deep harbors, and a network of small rivers. This easy access to water meant that the Greek people might naturally become explorers and traders. Second, Greece’s mountainous terrain led to the development of the polis (city-state), beginning about 750 B.C.E.
Why is a city-state important?
A city-state is an independent sovereign city which serves as the center of political, economic, and cultural life over its contiguous territory.
What were the Greek city-states known for?
Delphi was a Greek city-state that was the center of religion among the Greek city-states. It was also known for its literature, arts, and education. Sparta was one of the most powerful city-states and was known for its strong armies and its battles with Athens.
Why did the city-states in the Delian League revolt against Athens?
Why did city-states in the Delian League revolt against Athens? … They feared that Athens could not protect them from Persia. They worried that Athens would not stop an attack by Sparta.
What two things did each Greek city state have in common?
The city-states had many things in common. They shared the same language, worshipped the same gods, and practiced similar customs. Sometimes these city-states traded with each other.
Why did the Greek city-states unite during and after the Persian Wars?
Following the two Persian invasions of Greece, and during the Greek counterattacks that commenced after the Battles of Plataea and Mycale, Athens enrolled all island and some mainland city-states into an alliance, called the Delian League, the purpose of which was to pursue conflict with the Persian Empire, prepare for …
Why did the ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta develop different political systems?
Why did ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta develop different political systems? … The mountainous topography resulted in the isolation of these city-states. Foreign travelers introduced new philosophies. For over three centuries, civil wars raged in these city-states.