The so-called golden age of Athenian culture flourished under the leadership of Pericles (495-429 B.C.), a brilliant general, orator, patron of the arts and politician—”the first citizen” of democratic Athens, according to the historian Thucydides.
Why is Athens considered a golden age?
A “golden age” is a time of peace, prosperity, and happiness, often when cultural activities like art or writing reach a peak. The Greek city-state of Athens reached its Golden Age between 480 – 404 BCE. During its Golden Age, Athens, Greece was an artistic and intellectual hub. …
How did Pericles lead Athens into the golden age?
Pericles lifted Athens into a golden age through his support of the arts, architecture, philosophy, and democracy building.
Was Pericles the Golden Age of Athens?
Pericles The Golden Age of Athens was during the rule of Pericles over Athens from 457 B.C. to 430 B.C. During this time the Parthenon was built, Aeschylus, Aristophanes and Sophocles were producing plays in the theater beside the Acropolis and democracy flourished.
What did Athens achieve during the Golden Age?
The Golden Age of Athens brought many achievements in ancient Greek culture. Pericles was a great leader who promoted both the rebuilding of Athens and the growth of Greek culture and democracy. The Greek worship of gods and goddesses was part of everyday life. Athens was named for the goddess Athena.
What is the golden age in Greece?
The Golden Age of Greece, also referred to as the Classical Period, took place in Greece in the 5th and 4th Centuries B.C. This era is marked by the fall of the age of tyranny in Athens, when Peisistratus, a known tyrant, died in roughly 528 B.C. His death marked the edge of an oppressive era, but it would take until …
How did Pericles glorify Athens?
Pericles used money from the Delian league treasury to make the Athenian navy the strongest. To glorify Athens he also used money from the Delian league to buy gold, ivory, and marble. He higherd sculptors,architects,and artists to make beautiful sculptors surrounding Athens.
What type of government was established in Athens during its golden age?
During its golden age in the fifth century BC, Athens was governed by a direct democracy. Citizenship was extended to all males over eighteen following completion of military training; women, slaves, and metics (foreign residents) were excluded from political participation.
How did the Golden Age of Athens affect Greece?
The “golden age” of Greece lasted for little more than a century but it laid the foundations of western civilization. The age began with the unlikely defeat of a vast Persian army by badly outnumbered Greeks and it ended with an inglorious and lengthy war between Athens and Sparta.
How did the Golden Age of Athens end?
The Peloponnesian War marked the end of the Golden Age of Greece, a change in styles of warfare and the fall of Athens, once the strongest city-state in Greece. The balance in power in Greece was shifted when Athens was absorbed into the Spartan Empire.
What was the Athenian Golden Age quizlet?
A great Athenian named Pericles (PER-uh-kleez) inspired the people of Athens to rebuild their city. Under his leadership, Athens entered its Golden Age, a period of peace and wealth. Between 479 and 431 B.C.E., Athens was the artistic and cultural center of Greece.