How did Athens and Sparta compare in power?

Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually. Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.

How did Athens compare with Sparta?

The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. … Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state.

Was Sparta or Athens more powerful?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece.

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What did Athens and Sparta agree on?

After years of open warfare, Sparta offered peace and Athens accepted. The agreement was made official with the signing of the Peace of Nicias. The treaty stated that Athens and Sparta would defend each other for the next 50 years. However, the treaty only lasted six.

How was Sparta and Athens economy similar?

How was Sparta and Athens economy similar? While the Athenian economy depended on trade, Sparta’s economy relied on farming and on conquering other people. Sparta didn’t have enough land to feed all its people, so Spartans took the land they needed from their neighbors.

Why were Athens and Sparta rivals?

The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.

How was Athens different from Sparta quizlet?

Athens’ government is a democracy, which means citizens have the power. Sparta’s government was an Obligarchy, which means it was in the hands of a few. Athenians liked to trade. They used coins (which made trading easy).

What advantages did Athens have over Sparta?

Athens did not have such a strong army as Sparta, but its navy was better developed. Athens did have another advantage, which was that many of their allies gave them financial support. The main disadvantage for the Athenians was that around 430 BCE, a plague struck Athens.

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Why is Athens economy better than Sparta?

Key Question: How did Athenians get the goods they needed for everyday life? While the Athenian economy depended on trade, Sparta’s economy relied on farming and on conquering other people. Sparta didn’t have enough land to feed all its people, so Spartans took the land they needed from their neighbors.

Did Sparta or Athens have citizens as the upper class?

Upper classes had all power and privilege. Helots (slaves) did all nonmilitary work. All citizens were equal. Women and slaves were excluded from becoming citizens.

Branch of Government Sparta Athens
Judicial Kings acted as judges. Court- very large juries chosen by lot who used secret ballots to reach a verdict.

Who won the Athens and Sparta war?

Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

Sparta did not want to create a major rival and for this reason they left Athens to counter any Theban expansion in the region. Since the other members of the peloponnesian league wanted the end of Athens and Sparta objected, the Athenians would be forever in debt to them.

Did Spartans ever surrender?

It is often said that the Spartan warriors never retreated and never surrendered. At the battle of Sphacteria, the Spartans not only lost to a force of mostly light infantry, but they were forced into a shameful surrender that changed the dynamics of the war. …

How did the Spartan military differ from the Athenian military?

How did the structure of government differ between Athens and Sparta? – Athens was run by the citizens, while Sparta had two kings and a council. – Athens was run by military leaders, while Sparta limited the military’s power.

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How did cultural values differ between Athens and Sparta?

Athens focused more on culture, while Sparta focused more on war. The oligarchy structure in Sparta enabled it to keep war as a top priority.

What is Athens well known for?

Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.