The Athenian economy was based on trade. The land around Athens did not provide enough food for all the city’s people. … In exchange, Athenians traded honey, olive oil, silver, and beautifully painted pottery. Athenians bought and sold goods at a huge marketplace called the agora.
How did Athens make money and prospered?
Athens: The Athenian economy was primarily based on trade. The land surrounding Athens could not provide enough food for all of the city’s citizens; however Athens was near the sea and had a good harbor.
How did ancient Greece get rich?
Like all early civilizations Ancient Greece was an agricultural society. Most of the people lived by farming and the main form of wealth was owning land. In each city, there was an upper class and a middle class of men like substantial farmers, doctors, and teachers.
How did Sparta make money?
Sparta’s economy relied on farming and conquering other people. Sparta didn’t have enough land to feed its entire population, so Spartans took the land they needed from their neighbors. Because Spartan men spent their lives as warriors, Sparta used slaves and noncitizens to produce needed goods.
Why was Athens successful?
This rise occurred largely due to its prominent location and control of key trading routes and leadership in the wars against Persia. While other Greek cities held more powerful armies, such as Sparta, Athens’ leadership proved attractive and helped pave the way for its influence.
What is ancient Athens known for?
Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.
What did Athens trade?
The Athenian economy was based on trade. … So Athenians traded with other city-states and some foreign lands to get the goods and natural resources they needed. They acquired wood from Italy and grain from Egypt. In exchange, Athenians traded honey, olive oil, silver, and beautifully painted pottery.
How did Greece’s economy prosper?
Ancient Greece relied heavily on imported goods. Their economy was defined by that dependence. Agricultural trade was of great importance because the soil in Greece was of poor quality which limited crop production. … In addition to food, Greek pottery was also valued.
Why did Sparta lose to Athens?
Sparta decided to retaliate. Learning from its past experiences with the Athenian navy, they established a fleet of warships. It would be another decade of warfare before the Spartan general Lysander defeated the Athenian fleet at Aegospotami. This defeat led to Athenian surrender.
What jobs did Athenians do?
There were many jobs for men in Ancient Greece including farmer, fisherman, soldier, teacher, government worker, and craftsman.
What did Athens Value?
While Spartans valued military strength, Athenians placed a higher value on education and culture. Their main goal was building a democracy. Athenians believed that the only way to build a strong democracy was to create well informed citizens.
How did Athens develop?
The first known democracy in the world was in Athens. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. … When a new law was proposed, all the citizens of Athens had the opportunity to vote on it. To vote, citizens had to attend the assembly on the day the vote took place.
What made Sparta successful?
Sparta’s entire culture centered on war. A lifelong dedication to military discipline, service, and precision gave this kingdom a strong advantage over other Greek civilizations, allowing Sparta to dominate Greece in the fifth century B.C.
What caused Athens to fall?
Although Athens was enjoying a golden age while led by Pericles, this soon came to an end and thus began the fall of Athens. That fall began in 431 B.C.E. … Pericles knew Athens’ strength was in their navy, so his strategy was to avoid Sparta on land, because he knew that on land, Athens would be no match for Sparta.