First declension nouns end with α or η, and are typically feminine (although there are masculine ones as well). They fall under two slightly different patterns that differ only in the singular genitive and dative.
How do you decline nouns?
A declension is a group of nouns that form their cases the same way — that is, use the same suffixes. To decline a noun means to list all possible case forms for that noun. Latin has five declensions; this article looks at the first two.
How do you decline Greek names in Latin?
In the vocative singular, names in -is, -ys, -ēs, -eus and -ās (Gen., -antis) form the vocative by dropping the s from the nominative. In the accusative singular, many proper and some common nouns, imparisyllabic, often take the Greek -a for -em. Names in -ēs, is and ys take -ēn, -in and -yn as well as -ēm, -im and ym.
What is a neuter noun in Greek?
In Greek grammar, we use the word γένος, therefore there are three genders, which are: αρσενικό (arsenikó) meaning “masculine,” θηλυκό (thilikó) meaning “feminine,” and ουδέτερο (udétero) meaning “neuter.” These genders characterize nouns, adjectives, articles, and some pronouns and participles.
What does it mean for a noun to decline?
If you want it to improve, you should start climbing inclines instead of coasting down declines. The verb decline means refuse to accept, but the noun decline means a downward slope (the opposite of an incline), or a decrease in quality.
What is a declinable noun?
Capable of being declined; specifically, in grammar, capable of changing its termination in the oblique cases: as, a declinable noun.
Does Greek have gendered nouns?
The GENDER of Greek nouns is assigned arbitrarily. Some nouns are Masculine, some are Feminine, and some are Neuter. Each GENDER has different endings, but the key way to distinguish them is by the form of the Greek word for ‘the’ or the word for ‘a’.
How do you decline noun adjective pairs in Latin?
If you need a masculine form, then you decline the adjective like a 2nd declension masculine noun (e.g., maritus). If you need a feminine form, you decline it like a 1st declension feminine noun (e.g., puella). If you need a neuter form, you decline it like a 2nd declension neuter noun (e.g., exemplum).
Do Latin words have gender?
All Latin nouns have a gender – they are either masculine, feminine or neuter.
What is first declension in Greek?
Does modern Greek have declensions?
Greek is a largely synthetic (inflectional) language. … Nouns, adjectives and verbs are each divided into several inflectional classes (declension classes and conjugation classes), which have different sets of endings.
What are Latin names?
Latin names in the US Top 100 for girls include Ava, Clara, Lillian, Olivia, and Stella. For boys, Latin names in the US Top 100 include Dominic, Lucas, Julian, Roman, and Sebastian. In Rome, popular names include Cecilia, Viola, Christian, and Santiago.
Does Ancient Greek have gender?
Ancient Greek, like many other languages, has nouns of different genders. An Ancient Greek noun is either masculine, feminine, or neuter. The names of men and male gods are always masculine, whereas those of women and goddesses are always feminine.
What gender is book in Greek?
In neuter nouns, the nominative, accusative, and vocative cases are identical in each number.
Modern Greek Nouns.
|Neuter ending||Example||Frequency of pattern|
|-ι||σπίτι (house, home)||most common|
|-ο||βιβλίο (book)||very common|
|-ος / -ους (genitive)||τέλος (end)||rather common|