Marathon (Demotic Greek: Μαραθώνας, Marathónas; Attic/Katharevousa: Μαραθών, Marathṓn) is a town in Greece and the site of the Battle of Marathon in 490 BCE, in which the heavily outnumbered Athenian army defeated the Persians.
What does Marathon mean in Greece?
The word marathon is the Greek word for fennel, which seems to have grown in the area and gave the battlefield its name. A dagger found at Marathon. Greece, 5th century BC. Running was a key part of the ancient Olympics, although long distance races were not initially included.
What is the story behind marathon?
The idea of a marathon race came from Michel Bréal, who wanted the event to feature in the first modern Olympic Games in 1896 in Athens. This idea was heavily supported by Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympics, as well as by the Greeks.
What is the significance of the Battle of Marathon?
The Battle of Marathon was significant because it proved to the Greeks that the Persians were not ‘invincible’, which boosted the moral of the Greek troops, increasing their confidence to incline themselves in a common cause if the Persian attacked again (which they would).
Why did Greece win the Battle of Marathon?
Along with the tangible and strategic factors that propelled the Athenians to victory were several intangibles that factored in their favor, including their love of freedom and rights as citizens that they did not want to lose; the fear of what the Persians would do to their city and families if they were to lose the …
How did the Marathon get its name?
The name Marathon comes from the legend of Pheidippides, a Greek messenger. The legend states that he was sent from the battlefield of Marathon to Athens to announce that the Persians had been defeated in the Battle of Marathon (in which he had just fought), which took place in August or September, 490 BC.
How was Marathon named?
History. The event is named after the legendary 26-mile run made by a Greek soldier called Philippides (also known as Pheidippides) from the scene of the battle of Marathon to Athens, where he announced the defeat of the invading Persians. … This distance was standardised at 26 miles 385 yards (42.195km) in 1921.
Is the marathon story true?
Whether the story is true or not, it has no connection with the Battle of Marathon itself, and Herodotus’s silence on the evidently dramatic incident of a herald running from Marathon to Athens suggests strongly that no such event occurred.
How long did the first marathon take?
Following their subsequent victory over the Persians, the Athenians build a temple dedicated to Pan. Within 36 hours, Pheidippides has covered 153 miles to reach the powerful city state, where hopes of enlisting extra military support are dashed by the discovery that the Spartans are observing a religious festival.
Did the first guy to run a marathon died?
Phidippides was a legendary Greek runner who ran from Marathon to Athens in 490 BC to announce the victory of the Greeks over the Persians. After running about 40 km to the Acropolis in Athens, he promptly collapsed and died.
Why was the Battle of Marathon a turning point in history?
Marathon did not end the wars against Persia, but was the first turning point in establishing the success of the Greek, and specifically Athenian way, which would eventually give rise to all western culture as we know it. Thus, according to some, Marathon is the most important battle in history.
What was the Battle of Marathon ks2?
The Battle of Marathon took place in September 490 BC on the plain of Marathon. It was fought between the Athenians and the Persians. … The battle was the end of the first attempt by Persia, under King Darius I, to conquer Greece. It was part of the first Greco-Persian war.
How was the Persian Empire defeated?
One of history’s first true super powers, the Persian Empire stretched from the borders of India down through Egypt and up to the northern borders of Greece. But Persia’s rule as a dominant empire would finally be brought to an end by a brilliant military and political strategist, Alexander the Great.
Who was Xerxes I and what did he do?
He is best known for his massive invasion of Greece from across the Hellespont (480 bce), a campaign marked by the battles of Thermopylae, Salamis, and Plataea. His ultimate defeat spelled the beginning of the decline of the Achaemenian Empire.