What did Greek shields look like?
The Argive shield was round, about a metre or more in diameter. It was convex (“hollow”, as the ancient sources would have it), and featured a central arm grap (porpax) through which the left arm was put, while the hand grabbed a handle (antilabe) near the shield’s edge.
What shape is a Greek shield?
The Greeks had two principal forms of shield in use, with broad flat rims, and the curved surface of the shield rising above them: (1) the long shield of oval shape that covered the wearer from mouth to ankles, suspended by a belt passing [round the neck and] the left shoulder, with a handle for the left hand.
What shield did the Greeks use?
An aspis (Ancient Greek: ἀσπίς, plural aspides, ἀσπίδες), sometimes also referred to as an hoplon (Greek: ὅπλον), was the heavy wooden shield used by the infantry in various periods of ancient Greece.
Why are Greek shields small and round?
Because of the many different ways in which a spear was used by a hoplite in offence, in and out of formation, a lighter round shield was more suitable by providing less interference with the spear use. The greater reach of the spear also keeps the opponent at bay, so less defensive coverage is necessary.
What color was ancient Greeks?
Most Greeks and Italians are considered white today—but they weren’t necessarily considered white a century ago. For a long time, in the English-speaking world, the “whiteness” of Greeks and Italians was seen as questionable at best.
How much did Spartan armor weigh?
These typically weighed 15 to 20 lbs (between 6.5 and 9 kgs) and was considered crucial to Spartan warfare, to the point that a Spartan warrior could lose his armour, weaponry and even his clothes without fear of ridicule but having no shield was akin to having no honour. The rest of the armour was more varied.
What did Spartan shields look like?
Like the rest of the Mycenaean-era armies, it was depicted as composed mainly of infantry, equipped with short swords, spears, and Dipylon-type shields (“8”-shaped simple round bronze shields).
How heavy was a Spartan shield?
The normal shield of the Spartans was the aspis. It weighed approximately 10 kilograms. It was, however, not very hard to carry, since the Spartans were very well trained, and the grip of the shield was to be held with the forearm and the hand, so that you could use your entire arm’s strength to carry it.
What was a Greek shield made of?
The Greek shield of Ancient Greece was called a hoplon or aspis. It was from this word that hoplite (a Greek soldier) is derived. A hoplon was a deeply-dished shield made of wood. Some shields had a thin sheet of bronze on the outer face.
Why did the ancient Greeks use shields?
As far back as the eighth century BC, the ancient Greeks had invented a large, round shield called an aspis that would serve as an essential part of warfare through the Hellenistic era. The designs, or blazons, on these shields would go on to strike fear in the hearts of their enemies.
What was on Athena’s shield?
Athena has been depicted with snakes near her and with snake haired Medusa’s head upon her shield. This symbolically was to enforce Athena’s power of victory through death and destruction of the enemy.
What was Spartan shield called?
Here you can get a good look at how an Aspis looked like on the inside. The Aspi (also known as a Hoplon) is a large round shield used in Ancient Greece. It was the Weapon of the Spartans.
How big was a Roman shield?
Roman rectangular scutums of later eras were smaller than Republican oval scutums and often varied in length – approximately 37″-42″ tall (approximately 3 to 3.5 imperial feet, covering about from shoulder to top of knee), and 24-33″ wide (approximately 2 to 2.7 imperial feet).
What was the Spartan helmet made of?
Forged in bronze, silver and gold, the Spartan helmet has a beautiful shape, but its materials are also wonderful. The Greeks wore heavy bronze helmets but later we will find them also in iron, lighter and more resistant.
What were Spartan spears made of?
Spears and pikes — or “sarissas” — were the primary weapons of the Spartan military and provided long-range capabilities during battles. Both weapons were constructed using wood for the shaft and iron for the pointed ends. The spears often had a bronze spike opposite to the pointed end to help balance the weapons.