The First Peloponnesian War breaks out between the Delian League (led by Athens) and a Peloponnesian alliance (led by Sparta), caused in part by Athens’ alliance with Megara and Argos and the subsequent reaction of Sparta.
What happened in 478 BC in Greece?
The Delian League, founded in 478 BC, was an association of Greek city-states, with the number of members numbering between 150 and 330 under the leadership of Athens, whose purpose was to continue fighting the Persian Empire after the Greek victory in the Battle of Plataea at the end of the Second Persian invasion of …
What happened in 450 BC in Greece?
This coincided with the last battle between the Greeks and the Persians, a sea battle off Salamis in Cyprus, followed by the Peace of Callias (450 BC) between the Greeks and Persians.
Who ruled Athens in 460 BC?
Around 460 B.C., under the rule of the general Pericles (generals were among the only public officials who were elected, not appointed) Athenian democracy began to evolve into something that we would call an aristocracy: the rule of what Herodotus called “the one man, the best.” Though democratic ideals and processes …
What happened in 432 BC in Greece?
432 BC – The temple to Athena, the Parthenon, is completed in Athens on the Acropolis. Today this is the most famous surviving building of Ancient Greece. … The wars will last 27 years with Sparta eventually conquering Athens in 404 BC.
Why was the Sicilian expedition 415 413 such a disaster for Athens?
The Athenians attempted a last-ditch evacuation from Syracuse. The evacuation failed, and nearly the entire expedition were captured or were destroyed in Sicily. The effects of the defeat were immense.
|Result||Decisive Spartan/Syracusan victory Athenian expeditionary force completely destroyed|
How was Delos destroyed?
Delos flourished for 700 years until it was destroyed by the Syrian king of Pontus, Mithridates VI, in 88 BC, and later sacked by pirates. For the next two millennia, the island was repeatedly looted by invaders, pirates and smugglers of antiquities.
What was happening in 450 CE?
Angles, Saxons and Jutes invade Britain, marking the beginning of the Old English period (approximate date). Remodelling begins of the Dome of Baptistry of Neon, Ravenna (Italy) (approximate date).
What happened in 480 BC in Greece?
Battle of Thermopylae, (480 bce), battle in central Greece at the mountain pass of Thermopylae during the Persian Wars. … After three days of holding their own against the Persian king Xerxes I and his vast southward-advancing army, the Greeks were betrayed, and the Persians were able to outflank them.
What is the meaning of 450 BC?
BC is BEFORE Jesus was born. AD comes from Latin Anno Domini meaning “In the year of Our Lord” BC comes from Before Christ.
Was Pericles a real person?
Pericles, (born c. 495 bce, Athens—died 429, Athens), Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century bce, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece.
Why was the Parthenon built?
The Parthenon was mainly constructed as a temple for the Goddess Athena who was the chief deity worshipped by the residents of Athens. … Construction of the building began during 447 BCE and lasted until 438 BCE. The decoration of the Parthenon lasted for several more years until 432 BCE.
Who were Pericles parents?
Pericles: Rise to Power
Pericles was born into one of Athens’ leading families in the heyday of classical Greece. His father Xanthippus was a hero of the Persian War and his mother belonged to the culturally powerful Alcmaeonidae family.
What happened in 490 BC in Greece?
Battle of Marathon, (September 490 bce), in the Greco-Persian Wars, decisive battle fought on the Marathon plain of northeastern Attica in which the Athenians, in a single afternoon, repulsed the first Persian invasion of Greece.
What happened 500 BC?
500 BC—Darius I of Persia proclaims that Aramaic be the official language of the western half of his empire. 500 BC—Signifies the end of the Nordic Bronze Age civilization in Oscar Montelius’ periodization system and begins the Pre-Roman Iron Age. 500 BC—Foundation of first republic in Vaishali Bihar India.
Why is the Parthenon important?
The Parthenon was the center of religious life in the powerful Greek City-State of Athens, the head of the Delian League. Built in the 5 century B.C., it was a symbol of the power, wealth and elevated culture of Athens. It was the largest and most lavish temple the Greek mainland had ever seen.