750 BC – Homer begins to write the Iliad and Odyssey. These epic poems become two of the most famous literary works in Greek literature. 743 BC – First Messenian War begins. … 600 BC – The first Greek coins are introduced.
What happened in 700 BC Greece?
The Geometric Period : 900-700 B.C. During this period the Greek polis (pl. = poleis) or “city-state” develops, including Athens, Corinth, and Sparta. Archaeologically we see a greater, more developed, artistic output in the form of painted pottery and the rise of trade with other areas of the Mediterranean.
What was the era between 1150 BC and 750 BC called when Greek culture disappeared?
Greek Dark Ages
|Geographical range||Greek mainland and Aegean sea|
|Dates||c. 1100 – c. 750 BC|
|Characteristics||Destruction of settlements and collapse of the socioeconomic system|
|Preceded by||Mycenaean Greece, Minoan civilization|
What was the political unit in Greece by 750 BC?
By 750 BCE, the Greek city-state, or polis, was the fundamental political unit in ancient Greece. The polis was made up of a city and its surrounding countryside.
What era was 750 BC?
The Archaic period (c. 750–500 bc)
What happened in 460 BC in Greece?
Greece. The First Peloponnesian War breaks out between the Delian League (led by Athens) and a Peloponnesian alliance (led by Sparta), caused in part by Athens’ alliance with Megara and Argos and the subsequent reaction of Sparta.
What happened in 600 BC in Greece?
600 BC—Marseille is founded by Greeks of Phocaea, who are victorious over the Carthaginians in a naval battle, beginning the Greco–Punic Wars. 600 BC—The Satrapy of Armenia is created. 600 BC—Capua is founded. 600 BC—Smyrna is sacked and destroyed by Alyattes of Lydia.
Why were Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey important?
The Iliad and The Odyssey have provided not only seeds but fertilizer for almost all the other arts and sciences in Western culture. For the Greeks, Homer was a godfather of their national culture, chronicling its mythology and collective memory in rich rhythmic tales that have permeated the collective imagination.
Why do you think there is no writing between 1150 BCE and 750 BCE?
The Dorians were a group of people who lived on the same part of Greece where Mycenae was during the 1200s BCE, after the Trojan War and Mycenae declined. … Most importantly, because they had no written language, there are no written records from the Dorian Age, 1150 BCE to 750 BCE.
Who was the Parthenon built in honor of?
Parthenon, temple that dominates the hill of the Acropolis at Athens. It was built in the mid-5th century bce and dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos (“Athena the Virgin”).
What occurred at the Battle of Thermopylae?
Battle of Thermopylae, (480 bce), battle in central Greece at the mountain pass of Thermopylae during the Persian Wars. … After three days of holding their own against the Persian king Xerxes I and his vast southward-advancing army, the Greeks were betrayed, and the Persians were able to outflank them.
How did Sparta’s unique society make it a dominant power in mainland Greece?
Like all Greek societies, Sparta was dominated by male citizens, and the most powerful of these came from a select group of families. The Spartan political system was unusual in that it had two hereditary kings from two separate families. … Some women became rich when the men in their families were killed in war.
Who was considered a Spartan?
Its inhabitants were classified as Spartiates (Spartan citizens who enjoyed full rights), Mothakes (non-Spartan, free men raised as Spartans), Perioikoi (freed men), and Helots (state-owned serfs, part of the enslaved, non-Spartan, local population). Male Spartans began military training at age seven.
What happened in the year 750?
January 25 – Battle of the Zab: Abbasid forces under Abdallah ibn Ali defeat the Umayyads near the Great Zab River. Members of the Umayyad house are hunted down and killed.
What happened in 750 BC in Egypt?
The first incursion of the kings of Cush into Egypt occurs in about 750 BC, when Kashta conquers upper Egypt (the region north of the first cataract and Abu Simbel).
What does 750 BC mean?
BC is BEFORE Jesus was born. AD comes from Latin Anno Domini meaning “In the year of Our Lord” BC comes from Before Christ.