The word ‘democracy’ has its origins in the Greek language. It combines two shorter words: ‘demos’ meaning whole citizen living within a particular city-state and ‘kratos’ meaning power or rule.
What does the original Greek word for democracy demokratia literally mean?
Derived from the ancient Greek “demokratia,” democracy literally means that power belongs to the people.
What was the Greek ideal of democracy?
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.
Which Greek word organ ated the word democracy?
Answer: (2) Demokratia
In the Greek language, the term ‘democracy’ has its origins. This incorporates two shorter words:’ demos’ implies an entire citizen living in a specific city-state and ‘kratos’ implies rule or power.
What is the Greek word of Republic?
The term originates from the Latin translation of Greek word politeia. … The term politeia can be translated as form of government, polity, or regime and is therefore not always a word for a specific type of regime as the modern word republic is.
How many Greek states were democracies?
By far the most significant and well-understood example is Athenian democracy in Athens. However, at least fifty-two classical Greek city-states including Corinth, Megara, and Syracuse also had democratic regimes during part of their history.
How long did Greek democracy last?
Although this Athenian democracy would survive for only two centuries, its invention by Cleisthenes, “The Father of Democracy,” was one of ancient Greece’s most enduring contributions to the modern world. The Greek system of direct democracy would pave the way for representative democracies across the globe.
What was Sparta’s focus as a city state?
Sparta’s focus as a city-state was military. They trained young men to become soldiers. They were like the Hikkos and the Assyrians and Unlike the Phoenicians or the Mionaons.
What does the Greek word demos mean?
Definition of demos
1 : populace. 2 : the common people of an ancient Greek state.
How does Abraham Lincoln define democracy?
Democracy as defined by Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth president of the USA, is government of the people for the people and by the people. … A government that does not stand for first and foremost the interest of the people is not democratic.
What is the meaning of word democracy Class 7?
Democracy is the government of the people, by the people, and for the people. … In a democracy every citizen is equal.
What is the Greek word of politics?
Politics (from Greek: Πολιτικά, politiká, ‘affairs of the cities’) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups, or other forms of power relations between individuals, such as the distribution of resources or status.
What is the Greek word of government?
Politeia (πολιτεία) is an ancient Greek word used in Greek political thought, especially that of Plato and Aristotle. Derived from the word polis (“city-state”), it has a range of meanings from “the rights of citizens” to a “form of government”.
Is a republic a democracy?
republic, form of government in which a state is ruled by representatives of the citizen body. … Because citizens do not govern the state themselves but through representatives, republics may be distinguished from direct democracy, though modern representative democracies are by and large republics.