The Greek word for virtue is ‘ARETE’. For the Greeks, the notion of virtue is tied to the notion of function (ERGON). The virtues of something are what enable it to perform excellently its proper function. Virtue (or arete) extends beyond the realm of morality; it concerns the excellent performance of any function.
What are Greek virtues?
The idea of virtue and its role in ethical behavior comes from Greek philosophy. … Now known as the four cardinal virtues, they are wisdom, courage, moderation and justice. He wrote about these virtues in the “Republic,” a Socratic dialogue on political theory.
What does Aristotle define as virtue?
Aristotle explains what virtues are in some detail. They are dispositions to choose good actions and passions, informed by moral knowledge of several sorts, and motivated both by a desire for characteristic goods and by a desire to perform virtuous acts for their own sake.
What is the Greek virtue in the Greek myths?
Arete (Greek: ἀρετή) is a concept in ancient Greek thought that, in its most basic sense, refers to “excellence” of any kind. The term may also mean “moral virtue”.
What is virtue according to Socrates?
According to Socrates, “Virtue is knowledge” because through virtue you can live your life in the best possible manner. … Virtue is the best condition of soul. If you do actions blindly you can never be satisfied and happy. The word ‘virtue’ translates ‘arete’ which means excellence in Greek.
What is the best definition of virtue?
Full Definition of virtue
1a : conformity to a standard of right : morality. b : a particular moral excellence. 2 : a beneficial quality or power of a thing. 3 : manly strength or courage : valor. 4 : a commendable quality or trait : merit.
What are virtues in philosophy?
A virtue is thought to be a good character trait. … Aristotle thought you had to act for good ends in order to be virtuous. Virtue ethicists think that there is no need for moral rules. Driver thinks that virtues are character traits that result in good consequences, which is a unique position.
Does virtue mean virginity?
conformity of one’s life and conduct to moral and ethical principles; uprightness; rectitude. chastity; virginity: to lose one’s virtue. a particular moral excellence. … a good or admirable quality or property: the virtue of knowing one’s weaknesses.
Who is a virtuous person?
Virtuous is “good” with a halo. If you call someone virtuous, you are saying that person is living according to high moral standards. Someone virtuous is who you want leading your Girl Scout troop. … In past centuries, virtuous was synonymous with virginal.
How are virtues formed?
Virtues are developed through learning and through practice. As the ancient philosopher Aristotle suggested, a person can improve his or her character by practicing self-discipline, while a good character can be corrupted by repeated self-indulgence. … The virtuous person is the ethical person.
What are the Greek values?
The ancient Greeks implemented their values of loyalty, glory, intelligence and hospitality into everyday life. While these values may seem simple, they effectively shaped an entire civilization into a culture that is one of the most referenced in history.
Why was wisdom important to the Greeks?
Ancient Greeks believed that wisdom and intelligence were important. They strived to make decisions based on information, not ignorance. Greek philosophers, such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, advocated for engagement with thoughtful and knowledgeable citizens.
What are the Greek virtues in the Odyssey?
The Greeks valued beauty, art, intellect, honor, and truth; the list is long. Some of these values are shown through the story of the Odyssey, which tells of the adventures of Odysseus and his family.
What is Plato theory of virtue?
Like most other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, happiness or well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues (aretê: ‘excellence’) are the requisite skills and dispositions needed to attain it.
Can virtue be taught according to Plato?
Plato presents Socrates’ views on the question whether virtue is knowledge and whether it can be taught in several dialogues, most notably in Meno. In this dialogue, Socrates makes many different arguments on the subject of virtue. … Plato’s answer is that virtue cannot be taught.
Where does Plato talk about virtue?
Plato provides his account of virtue in two different works, the Protagoras and the Republic. In the Protagoras Plato, through Socrates, argues that virtue is knowledge. The argument begins with the premise that everyone wants what he or she believes to be good.