What kind of trees does Greece have?

The forests of Greece mostly have fir trees, pine trees, and bushes. These trees exist in the alpine parts of Greece, which are found in the northern part of the country and in high altitudes in Sterea and Peloponnese. Forests in lower altitudes mostly have poplars, plane trees, oaks, and cypress trees.

What kind of forests are in Greece?

Aesthetic Forests

Such is the Vai Palm Forest in eastern Crete island, the Oak Forest in Foloi Peloponnese, the Aesthetic Forest in Rodopi Mountains in Thrace, the Lemon Forest in Poros island and the Kesariani Forest in Athens. Hiking in these forests is a special experience.

What plant is Greece known for?

The olive tree symbolizes peace, mercy, and sustenance. Such is the connection of the plant to the symbolism that in Greek, the word for mercy is derived from the word for ‘olive’.

What plants grew in Greece?

There corn (maize), wheat, barley, sugar beets, peaches, tomatoes, cotton (of which Greece is the only EU producer), and tobacco are grown.

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What is the most valuable tree in Greece What is it used for?

Greece is famous for the production of mastiha, or mastic, a tree resin collected from mastic trees that flourish in the distinct climate of Chios. Just 1 kilogram can retail for about $350. Today, it’s known as “white gold” for its presumed health benefits and various uses in gum, cosmetics, and food.

How many trees are in Greece?

FAO, 30.3% or about 3,903,000 ha of Greece is forested, according to FAO. Greece had 140,000 ha of planted forest. Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Greece lost an average of 30,200 ha or 0.92% per year. In total, between 1990 and 2010, Greece gained 18.3% of its forest cover, or around 604,000 ha.

What is the biggest forest in Greece?

The Folóï oak forest (Greek: Δρυοδάσος Φολόης) is an oak forest in southwestern Greece. It is located in the municipal unit Foloi, Elis, in the western part of the Peloponnese peninsula. The Folóï oak forest is situated at an altitude of 688m, on the plateau of the Folóï mountain.

What is Greece vegetation?

Most are typically Mediterranean such as evergreen oak, cypress, and pine and shrubs such as juniper, myrtle, and oleander. The northern mountains have forests of deciduous trees (trees that lose their leaves seasonally), such as oak, chestnut, ash, and beech.

Are there evergreen trees in Greece?

Abies cephalonica (Greek Fir) is a large evergreen conifer of conical habit adorned with spreading, erect branches on mature trees. Sharp and stiff, the needles are glossy dark green with two blue-white bands beneath.

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Are there oak trees in Greece?

The oak was by far the most dominant tree of the ancient Greek landscape. … The two main types of oaks commonly found in the region are the evergreen holm oak and the deciduous Valonian. Both range in size from a thick low shrub (forming the basis of the modern-day Mediterranean scrub forests) to large trees.

What trees grew in ancient Greece?

Orchards included those of fig, almond, apple, and pear trees. Oil-seed plants such as linseed, sesame, and poppy were also grown.

Are there cypress trees in Greece?

horizontalis, at Lefka Ori mt Crete, Greece. Crete and the S. E. Aegean islands, are the only places in Europe where cypress is native. The native trees have horizontally spreading branches (f. horizontalis) while the ones with the ascending branches (f.

What trees were in ancient Greece?

Below are ten trees, whose names derive from, or are associated with ten, magical, Greek myths.

  • The Almond Tree. The Almond Tree, Photo by Greeker than the Greeks. …
  • The apple tree. The Apple Tree.
  • The Cypress Tree. …
  • The Fig Tree. …
  • Laurel or Bay tree.

Are olive trees from Greece?

Today, olive trees are grown all over Greece, not just in Athens. Every part of the olive tree has its use. Olives have been pressed into oil since ancient times.

Why are olive trees important in Greece?

An olive branch was used as a symbol of peace whenever the Greeks entered into truce with their enemies and was the awarded to any athlete who won at the Olympics. The symbol of the olive tree has very deep roots in Greek tradition; it symbolizes wealth, health, beauty, wisdom and abundance.

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How many olive trees are in Greece?

Greece holds third place in world olive production, with more than 117 million olive trees; 80% of Greek orchard land is devoted to olive culture.