Democracy developed first in the city-state of Athens. Describe the democracy of Athens and the branches of government. List and describe the levels of society in ancient Sparta.
What was the first powerful city-state in ancient Greece?
Athens. Athens emerged as the dominant economic power in Greece around the late sixth century BCE, its power and wealth was further bolstered by the discovery of silver in the neighboring mountains. Athens was at the center of an efficient trading system with other Greek city states.
What was the first city-state in ancient Greece?
Argos was one of the oldest city-states in Ancient Greece, but it first became a major power under the tyrant Pheidon during the 7th century BC. During Pheidon’s reign, Argos introduced silver coins as well as a standard system of weights and measures that later became known as the Pheidonian measures.
What was the most powerful city in ancient Greece?
Sparta was a powerful city-state in ancient Greece. Sparta was ruled by a small group of retired warriors. This type of government is called an oligarchy.
What is a Greek city-state quizlet?
city-state. A city with its own traditions and its own government and laws; both a city and a separate independent state. Athens. A democratic Greek polis who accomplished many cultural achievements, and who were constantly at war with Sparta. Their cultural focused on art, literature, and architecture.
When was Greece most powerful?
Classical Greece flourished during the 5th to 4th centuries BC. This was marked by the period of the Persian Wars (c. 510-479 BC), the Golden Age of Athens (c. 479-404 BC), and the later Classical era (404-338 BC).
What is city-state in ancient Greece?
A city-state, or polis, was the community structure of ancient Greece. Each city-state was organized with an urban center and the surrounding countryside. Characteristics of the city in a polis were outer walls for protection, as well as a public space that included temples and government buildings.
Which were the two most powerful city-states of ancient Greece?
Powerful Greek City States. Among the most powerful city states were Athens, Corinth, Thebes, Greek islands such as Lesbos, Chios, Rhodes, Asia Minor City States.
When was Greece first discovered?
Excavations show that the first settlement in Ancient Greece dates from the Palaeolithic era (11,000-3,000 BC). During the second millennium BC, Greece gave birth to the great stone and bronze civilization: the Minoans (2600-1500 BC), the Mycenaeans (1500-1150 BC) and the Cycladic civilization.
What are the 5 Greek city-states?
Ancient Greek city-states are known as polis. Although there were numerous city-states, the five most influential were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, and Delphi.
Which Greek city-state had the strongest army?
The Spartans were widely considered to have the strongest army and the best soldiers of any city-state in Ancient Greece. All Spartan men trained to become warriors from the day they were born. The Spartan Army fought in a Phalanx formation.
Why was Athens the most powerful city-state?
This rise occurred largely due to its prominent location and control of key trading routes and leadership in the wars against Persia. While other Greek cities held more powerful armies, such as Sparta, Athens’ leadership proved attractive and helped pave the way for its influence.
What were the Greek city-states known for?
Some of the most important city-states include Athens, Chalcis, Corinth, Eretria, Delphi, Sparta and Thebes. Athens was known for being a center of art, science and philosophy. As one of the oldest cities in the world, it is also considered the birthplace of democracy.
What were the two main city-states of ancient Greece quizlet?
You learned that ancient Greece was a collection of city states each with its own government. In this chapter, you will learn about 2 of the most important city states , Athens and Sparta.
Why did the Greeks develop city-states quizlet?
City-states developed when citizens grouped together for protection and stability. … Greek city-states were built on a high acropolis for protection.
Who Defended most Greek city-states?
Sparta, which had the most accomplished military of all the city-states, led the Greek defense against the Persian invasion. However, in two pivotal instances—at the battles of Marathon in 490 and Salamis in 480—Athenians, as opposed to Spartans, distinguished themselves through valor and courage.