The lower class of people were just one step above the slaves. In fact, many were once slaves that had gained their freedom. They had even fewer rights than the middle class. And finally, slaves were at the bottom of the social hierarchy.
Who was the lowest class in Athens?
At the very bottom of society were the slaves.
This group can be further divided into three subclasses:
- The aristocracy, including politicians, top military officials, and the landed elite.
- Villagers, who owned less productive land.
- The merchants, who controlled much of the manufacturing and trade of Athens.
Athenian society was composed of four main social classes – slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens).
Was Athens rich or poor?
In the fifth century B.C., Athens was one of the richest and most powerful city-states in Greece.
Was ancient Athens poor?
In the fifth and fourth centuries BC Athenian ideas about poverty were ideologically charged. The poor were contrasted with the rich and found, for the most part, to be both materially and morally deficient. … Defined this way, this group covered around 99% of the population of Athens.
The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens.
Most sociologists define social class as a grouping based on similar social factors like wealth, income, education, and occupation. These factors affect how much power and prestige a person has.
Is lower class and working class the same?
Lower class (occasionally described as working class) are those employed in low-paying wage jobs with very little economic security. The term “lower class” also refers to persons with low income.
What were the 4 main classes in order within Sparta?
Inhabitants were classified as Spartiates (Spartan citizens, who enjoyed full rights), Mothakes (non-Spartan, free men raised as Spartans), Perioikoi (free, but non-citizen inhabitants), and Helots (state-owned serfs, part of the enslaved non-Spartan, local population).
Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member ‘council of elders’ limited their powers. These men were recruited from the highest social class, the aristocratic Spartiates.
How old is Sparta?
Reputedly founded in the 9th century bce with a rigid oligarchic constitution, the state of Sparta for centuries retained as lifetime corulers two kings who arbitrated in time of war. In time of peace, power was concentrated in a Senate of 30 members.
How Athens got its name?
The name of Athens, connected to the name of its patron goddess Athena, originates from an earlier Pre-Greek language. … Both Athena and Poseidon requested to be patrons of the city and to give their name to it, so they competed with offering the city one gift each.
How old is Athens?
Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world’s oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years and its earliest human presence starting somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennium BC.
Reforms also affected the political structure of Athens. Solon’s constitution was based on four classes determined by census and wealth. Although privilege by birth was eliminated, Solon retained a hierarchical distribution of political responsibility.
Was there poverty in ancient Greece?
Research in ancient history is often linked to current social issues. However, far from being a result of capitalist societies, poverty existed in pre-industrial societies, even in ancient ones. …
How did the poor live in ancient Greece?
Poor people lived in just one, two, or three rooms. Rich Greeks lived in large houses with several rooms. Usually, they were arranged around a courtyard and often an upper story.