What was the role of the polis in Archaic and Classical era Greece?

The polis was a structure of community amongst the ancient Greek world and it controlled a surrounding territory of land. An individual polis was independent from the other poleis in regards to legal, religious, social, political and judicial institutions and practices.

What was the role of polis in Greek society?

Government was centred in the town, but citizens of the polis lived throughout its territory. Ideally, the polis was a corporation of citizens who all participated in its government, religious cults, defense, and economic welfare and who obeyed its sacred and customary laws.

What polis was the most influential during the classical age of Greece?

Athens. Athens emerged as the dominant economic power in Greece around the late sixth century BCE, its power and wealth was further bolstered by the discovery of silver in the neighboring mountains.

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What was life like in the polis during classical Greek society?

Life in the polis

In most poleis, the majority of the population lived in the city rather than being spread across small farm communities in the surrounding territory; also, the heart of the urban area was usually a sacred space with one or more temples.

What is the Archaic period in ancient Greece?

Archaic period, in history and archaeology, the earliest phases of a culture; the term is most frequently used by art historians to denote the period of artistic development in Greece from about 650 to 480 bc, the date of the Persian sack of Athens.

Why was the polis called the framework of Greek life?

The Greeks had a polis and made decisions as a group to rule their Greek city states. … The polis was called the framework of Greek life because it was the main part of Greek life that made it unique.

How did the Greek polis develop?

Second, Greece’s mountainous terrain led to the development of the polis (city-state), beginning about 750 B.C.E. The high mountains made it very difficult for people to travel or communicate. … Eventually, the polis became the structure by which people organized themselves.

Why was a Greek person’s polis important to his or her identity?

Why was the polis such an important part of the Greek life? The polis came to represent the center of Greek identity and its inhabitants were intensely loyal to it.

What was the polis quizlet?

Polis. Refers to greek city states; basic political unit of the classical age, self governing.

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What did each polis have?

A polis was an autonomous community of Greeks who considered themselves to be distinctive from other Greeks. Every polis had its own citizen army, its own set of laws, and its own specific gods.

How did the values of the Greek polis shape Greek culture?

Values were imparted on the polis through regular festivals, a public meeting place (agora), and foundational mythology. … They valued local rule and customs but also respected their shared ethnicity and overall cultural practices that lent an identity to all members of the Greek world, despite their individual polis.

When did the Greek polis emerge?

The polis emerged from the Dark Ages which followed the fall of the Mycenaean civilization in Greece and by the 8th century BCE a significant process of urbanisation had begun.

When did the Greek polis emerge and extend its influence across the Mediterranean region?

Roughly three centuries after the Late Bronze Age collapse of Mycenaean Greece, Greek urban poleis began to form in the 8th century BC, ushering in the Archaic period and colonization of the Mediterranean Basin.

How was polis organized?

Each city-state was organized with an urban center and the surrounding countryside. Characteristics of the city in a polis were outer walls for protection, as well as a public space that included temples and government buildings. The temples and government buildings were often built on the top of a hill, or acropolis.

What happened during Archaic and classical period?

Archaic Greece was the period in Greek history lasting from circa 800 BC to the second Persian invasion of Greece in 480 BC, following the Greek Dark Ages and succeeded by the Classical period. … The archaic period saw developments in Greek politics, economics, international relations, warfare and culture.

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What happened in the archaic era?

The Archaic period saw developments in Greek politics, economics, international relations, warfare, and culture. It also laid the groundwork for the classical period, both politically and culturally. During this time, the Greek alphabet developed, and the earliest surviving Greek literature was composed.