What were Athens goals?

A wise and able statesman named Pericles led Athens during much of its golden age. … that this period often is called the Age of Pericles. He had three goals: (1) to strengthen Athenian democracy, (2) to hold and strengthen the empire, and (3) to glorify Athens.

What was the goal for Athens?

Athens Values

Their main goal was building a democracy. Athenians believed that the only way to build a strong democracy was to create well informed citizens. Boys were educated. Girls were not educated.

What were Athens values?

The Athenians valued education and the arts and believed that educated people made the best citizens. While many boys in Athens received good educations, girls didn’t.

What was one of Pericles’s goals?

C. that this period often is called the Age of Pericles. He had three goals: (1) to strengthen Athenian democracy, (2) to hold and strengthen the empire, and (3) to glorify Athens.

What was the main focus of life in Sparta?

Spartan culture was centered on loyalty to the state and military service. At age 7, Spartan boys entered a rigorous state-sponsored education, military training and socialization program. Known as the Agoge, the system emphasized duty, discipline and endurance.

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What makes Athens great city?

Athenians thought of themselves as the best city-state in all of ancient Greece. They believed they produced the best literature, the best poetry, the best drama, the best schools – many other Greek city-states agreed with them. Athens was the measuring stick. … The god in charge of Athens was Athena, goddess of wisdom.

What do boys and girls learn in Athens?

They had physical education where they learned sports and gymnastics. They also learned basic math, how to play musical instruments, how to sing, and how to write well. They memorized the Odyssey and the Iliad by Homer because these were the most important works in their world.

Was Athens or Sparta more successful?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers.

What were the battle strategies of Athens and Sparta?

According to Thucydides, Athenian military activity in the Archidamian War was dominated by the so-called Periklean strategy, that is, a long-term, coherent plan of ceding the Attic countryside to the Spartans, avoiding pitched battle, using naval superiority to harass the Spartans and their allies, taking advantage of …

Who did the Greeks defeat in 480 BCE?

Battle of Salamis, (480 bc), battle in the Greco-Persian Wars in which a Greek fleet defeated much larger Persian naval forces in the straits at Salamis, between the island of Salamis and the Athenian port-city of Piraeus.

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What did Athens and Sparta have in common?

One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an assembly, whose members were elected by the people. … Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.

Do Spartans still exist?

Spartans are still there. Sparta was just the capital of Lacedaemonia, hence the L on their shields, not an S but an L… … So yes, the Spartans or else the Lacedeamoneans are still there and they were into isolation for the most part of their history and opened up to the world just the last 50 years.

Who did the Spartans fight?

The year is 480. Three hundred Spartans, joined by a small force of Greeks, defend the mountain pass of Thermopylae against the invading Persians. If the 300 Spartans had stayed home and if Persians had won the Greco-Persian Wars, the Western concept of freedom most likely would not exist.

Did 300 Spartans really happen?

In short, not as much as suggested. It is true there were only 300 Spartan soldiers at the battle of Thermopylae but they were not alone, as the Spartans had formed an alliance with other Greek states. It is thought that the number of ancient Greeks was closer to 7,000. The size of the Persian army is disputed.