The Greeks tended to refer to the old, noble families in terms of ‘clan’ (a group of families) or by individual lineages. … In Athens, the Alcmaeonidae were a powerful noble family, and included Megacles (the killer of Cylon) and Cleisthenes (who reformed Athens and turned it into a democracy).
What are nobles in ancient Greece?
Eupatridae /juːˈpætrɪdiː/ (literally “good fathered”, i.e. “offspring of noble fathers” or “the well-born”) refers to the ancient nobility of the Greek region of Attica.
What was the upper class in ancient Greece called?
  The Athens class (Upper Class) The Athens were the highest class in the Ancient Greek Heirachy and they had the highest position in society and were the most powerful people. Physical fitness was a highly valued attribute in ancient Greece, and both men and women participated in vigorous gymnastic exercises.
How did Nobles win power in ancient Greece?
Nobles won power in Greece because they supplied cavalry to the military. why did they lose power? They lost power beucase foot soldiers became more important, the nobles fought among themselves, and poeple became disconnected with their rule.
What were Solon’s reforms?
He forbade the export of produce other than olive oil, minted new Athenian coinage on a more universal standard, reformed the standard of weights and measures, and granted immigrant craftsmen citizenship. Reforms also affected the political structure of Athens.
Who was in the noble class?
European nobility originated in the feudal/seignorial system that arose in Europe during the Middle Ages. Originally, knights or nobles were mounted warriors who swore allegiance to their sovereign and promised to fight for him in exchange for an allocation of land (usually together with serfs living thereon).
What were the 3 main classes within Athens?
Athenian society was composed of four main social classes – slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens).
What were metics in ancient Athens?
Metics were a class of free non-citizens, often employed on more menial, but nevertheless vital, tasks – including trireme building, rowing and maintenance. Metics were usually Greeks from other city-states. Women of non-Athenian origin could often rise to positions of considerable influence as courtesans.
Which class in Greece was made of slaves?
Most homes in ancient Greece had slaves to take on these menial tasks. The middle class was made up of people that may not have been born in Athens but were working hard at their trade. They were considered free but weren’t given the same rights permitted to the upper class.
Why is Alexander important?
Although king of ancient Macedonia for less than 13 years, Alexander the Great changed the course of history. One of the world’s greatest military generals, he created a vast empire that stretched from Macedonia to Egypt and from Greece to part of India. This allowed for Hellenistic culture to become widespread.
What is Alexander’s legacy?
Alexander the Great’s legacy is both far reaching and profound. First, his father was able to unite the Greek city-states, and Alexander destroyed the Persian Empire forever. More importantly, Alexander’s conquests spread Greek culture, also known as Hellenism, across his empire.
Did Solon favor the rich or the poor?
Solon rejected the notion that a god, a king, a tyrant, a single class, or even he himself could save Athens. Instead, he believed that all citizens, rich and poor, were responsible for achieving the common good of the city.
Why is Solon important to ancient history?
Solon, the Athenian politician and lawmaker: Solon (638-558 BC) was an Athenian politician, lawmaker and poet. He is considered as the first innovative lawmaker that set the ground for the creation of democracy, the governmental system that made Athens powerful and granted the city its fame all over the centuries.
What is Solon best known for?
630 – c. 560 BC) was an Athenian statesman, lawmaker and poet. He is remembered particularly for his efforts to legislate against political, economic and moral decline in archaic Athens. His reforms failed in the short term, yet he is often credited with having laid the foundations for Athenian democracy.
How did Solon help lower classes?
Solon wrote a constitution in which he reduced the power of the hereditary aristocracy by permitting more men to hold public office. He divided the people into four classes based on wealth, not on birth or one’s clan. He kept the ruling council, but allowed anyone in the richest class to become a member.