What were the three classes of Athens?

Athenian society was composed of four main social classes – slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens).

What are the three Athens?

The three pillars of democracy were: the Assembly of the Demos, the Council of 500, and the People’s Court.

What were the three social classes in ancient Greece?

Athenian society was ultimately divided into four main social classes: the upper class; the metics, or middle class; the lower class, or freedmen; and the slave class. The upper class consisted of those born to Athenian parents. They were considered the citizens of Athens.

What was the lower class in Athens?

The lower class of people were just one step above the slaves. In fact, many were once slaves that had gained their freedom. They had even fewer rights than the middle class. And finally, slaves were at the bottom of the social hierarchy.

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What 3 things did Athenian education promote?

The goal was that they would be educated enough to advance their society as they grew. They learned basic things like reading, writing and math. Then studied poetry and learned play instruments, before receiving athletic training, where they learned to play games and keep in shape.

Who were the three Archons?

From the late 8th century BC there were three archons: the archon eponymos, the polemarchos (originally with a military role, which was transferred to the ten strategoi in 501 BC), and the archon basileus (the ceremonial vestige of the Athenian monarchy).

What were the common subjects of Greek art?

Classical Greek Painting

Subjects included figurative scenes, portraits and still-lifes, and exhibitions – for instance at Athens and Delphi – were relatively common.

What were the 4 main classes in order within Sparta?

Inhabitants were classified as Spartiates (Spartan citizens, who enjoyed full rights), Mothakes (non-Spartan, free men raised as Spartans), Perioikoi (free, but non-citizen inhabitants), and Helots (state-owned serfs, part of the enslaved non-Spartan, local population).

What type of society was Athens?

Athenian society was a patriarchy; men held all rights and advantages, such as access to education and power. Athenian women were dedicated to the care and upkeep of the family home.

What were the social classes in Sparta?

Spartan Society

The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens.

Did Sparta or Athens have citizens as the upper class?

Upper classes had all power and privilege. Helots (slaves) did all nonmilitary work. All citizens were equal. Women and slaves were excluded from becoming citizens.

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Branch of Government Sparta Athens
Judicial Kings acted as judges. Court- very large juries chosen by lot who used secret ballots to reach a verdict.

Is lower class and working class the same?

Lower class (occasionally described as working class) are those employed in low-paying wage jobs with very little economic security. The term “lower class” also refers to persons with low income.

Which social class was most important to Sparta?

Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member ‘council of elders’ limited their powers. These men were recruited from the highest social class, the aristocratic Spartiates.

What is Athens education system?

Young people in Athens received higher education after their basic education. They learned geometry, mathematics, physics, astronomy, medicine, rhetoric, philosophy, and various arts. In ancient Athens, young people could learn alongside a philosopher or sophist. … Sophists and philosophers usually taught in galleries.

How were Athens children educated?

Children were trained in music, art, literature, science, math, and politics. In Athens, for example, boys were taught at home until they were about six years old. Then boys went to school, where they learned to read and write. They learned to play a musical instrument, usually the flute or the lyre.

What is the focus of education by the early Athenians?

The Athenian education was focused on aesthetics. The idea of beauty influenced everything that was taught. Subjects taught in Ancient Athens included reading, writing, rhetoric, math, philosophy, music, and poetry.