Greek city-states likely developed because of the physical geography of the Mediterranean region. The landscape features rocky, mountainous land and many islands. These physical barriers caused population centers to be relatively isolated from each other. The sea was often the easiest way to move from place to place.
Why were the city-states in Greece divided?
Greek civilization developed into independent city-states because Greece’s mountains, islands, and peninsulas separated the Greek people from each other and made communication difficult. The steep mountains of the Greek geography also affected the crops and animals that farmers raised in the region.
How was Greece divided?
There was never one country called ‘ancient Greece’. Instead, Greece was divided up into small city-states, like Athens, Sparta, Corinth and Olympia. Each city-state ruled itself. … So, ancient Greeks living in Sparta considered themselves Spartan first, and Greek second.
When did Greece divided into city-states?
Greece’s archaic period occurred between 800 BC and 480 BC and came after what is known as Greece’s dark ages. It is during this time when the city-states truly emerged.
What were the ancient Greek city-states divided by?
The city-states within Greece formed themselves into two leagues; the Achaean League (including Thebes, Corinth and Argos) and the Aetolian League (including Sparta and Athens).
What was the main reason that Athens and Sparta fought the Peloponnesian war?
The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.
What was Sparta’s focus as a city-state?
Sparta’s focus as a city-state was military. They trained young men to become soldiers. They were like the Hikkos and the Assyrians and Unlike the Phoenicians or the Mionaons.
What are the three main parts of Greece?
The country is divided into three geographical regions: the mainland, the islands, and Peloponnese, the peninsula south of the mainland. The Pindus mountain range on the mainland contains one of the world’s deepest gorges, Vikos Gorge, which plunges 3,600 feet (1,100 meters).
What two things did each Greek city state have in common?
The city-states had many things in common. They shared the same language, worshipped the same gods, and practiced similar customs. Sometimes these city-states traded with each other.
When did Greece start and end?
The civilization of Ancient Greece emerged into the light of history in the 8th century BC. Normally it is regarded as coming to an end when Greece fell to the Romans, in 146 BC. However, major Greek (or “Hellenistic”, as modern scholars call them) kingdoms lasted longer than this.
Why did Greek city-states have strong economies?
The correct answer is C) stable governments. The factor that was a key reason that the Greek city-states had strong economies was a stable government. Athens was the main city-state government in ancient Greece.
Why did the Greeks develop city-states quizlet?
City-states developed when citizens grouped together for protection and stability. … Greek city-states were built on a high acropolis for protection.
Why does a city-state come into being?
1276b: 1-2: A city-state is a partnership of citizens in a system of government. … 1252b: 29-30: The city-state comes into being for the sake of living, but it exists for the sake of living “well” (to eu zen).
Did the Greek city-states get along?
The Greek city-states did know each other. … But each city-state was independent. Each developed its own government. Some were ruled by kings.
Why is a city-state important?
A city-state is an independent sovereign city which serves as the center of political, economic, and cultural life over its contiguous territory.
What were the Greek city-states known for?
Some of the most important city-states include Athens, Chalcis, Corinth, Eretria, Delphi, Sparta and Thebes. Athens was known for being a center of art, science and philosophy. As one of the oldest cities in the world, it is also considered the birthplace of democracy.