Best answer: What is the hierarchy of Athens?

Athenian society was composed of four main social classes – slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens).

What is the hierarchy of Greece?

Athenian society was ultimately divided into four main social classes: the upper class; the metics, or middle class; the lower class, or freedmen; and the slave class. The upper class consisted of those born to Athenian parents. They were considered the citizens of Athens.

What is the correct order of government in Athens?

Democracy – rule by the people (male citizens). Monarchy – rule by an individual who had inherited his role. Oligarchy – rule by a select group of individuals. Tyranny – rule by an individual who had seized power by unconstitutional means.

How was ancient Athens organized?

Athens consisted of two distinct parts: The City, properly so called, divided into The Upper City or Acropolis, and The Lower City, surrounded with walls by Themistocles. The port city of Piraeus, also surrounded with walls by Themistocles and connected to the city with the Long Walls, built under Conon and Pericles.

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What is ancient Athens known for?

Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.

What was Sparta social structure?

Spartan Society

The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens.

What was Sparta’s focus as a city-state?

Sparta’s focus as a city-state was military. They trained young men to become soldiers. They were like the Hikkos and the Assyrians and Unlike the Phoenicians or the Mionaons.

What were the four stages of the Athenian government?

Objective: Students will be able to compile all of the information they learned on the four governments (Monarchy, Oligarchy, Tyranny, Democracy).

How was Sparta different from Athens?

The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. … Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state.

Who conquered Athens?

This system remained remarkably stable, and with a few brief interruptions remained in place for 170 years, until Alexander the Great conquered Athens in 338 BC.

What was Athens called before Athena?

The initial name of Athens was “Coast” or “Aktiki,” and it was taken from the first king of the land, King Aktaio. Afterwards, as the city continued to grow, Aktaio’s successor, King Cecrops, named the city after himself.

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What was the social structure of Athens and Sparta?

The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy” (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class).

What are 5 facts about Athens?

15 Incredible Facts About Athens

  • Athens is Europe’s oldest capital. …
  • Athens has experienced almost every form of government. …
  • If it weren’t for an olive tree, Poseidon might have been the city’s patron. …
  • The ancient Olympic games were never held in Athens. …
  • Athens is home to the first known democracy.

Why is Athens called Athens?

The name of Athens, connected to the name of its patron goddess Athena, originates from an earlier Pre-Greek language. … Both Athena and Poseidon requested to be patrons of the city and to give their name to it, so they competed with offering the city one gift each.

Why is Athens better than Sparta?

Athens was better than Sparta because, it had a better government, education system, and had more cultural achievements. … While in Sparta they had an oligarchy, a form of government in which the government power resides in the hands of select few; however in Athens they had a direct government.