Best answer: Why did Athens go to Sicily?

Athens’s Sicilian expedition set off in 415 bce, inspired by the idea that capturing Syracuse might bring dominance over Sicily as a whole and supply the resources that Athens would need to win its long war with Sparta.

What happened in Athens just before the great military expedition to Sicily in 415 BC?

In 415 BC, on a night shortly before the Athenian fleet was about to set sail for Syracuse during the Peloponnesian War, all of the Athenian hermai were vandalized. This was a horribly impious act and many people believed it threatened the success of the expedition.

Which city led the resistance to the Athenian invasion of Sicily?

The city of Selinus had defeated the Elymian city of Segesta in 415, an event that led to the Athenian invasion of Sicily in 415 and ended in the defeat of Athenian forces in 413.

Battle of Selinus.

Date 409 BC
Result Carthaginian Victory
Territorial changes Dorian Greek city Selinus destroyed
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Who planned the Sicilian expedition?

The commanders were Lamachus, Nicias, and Alcibiades. In 415, the expedition started. When it arrived on Sicily and the allies started to have doubts, Lamachus proposed to attack Syracuse immediately. According to Thucydides, taking the main city of the island when it was still unprepared, was the best policy.

Why did the Sicilian expedition start?

The Sicilian Expedition of 415-413 BCE was a disastrous Athenian campaign. It began in the uneasy peace of the Treaty of Nicias that had paused the Peloponnesian War, as Athenian allies in Sicily asked for reinforcements against the growing power of Syracuse.

How did the Sicilian expedition affect Athens?

The Athenians sought to conquer the island of Sicily. This expedition resulted in a disastrous Athenian defeat that is seen as a turning point in the Peloponnesian war. Prior to the expedition, Athens held its own against Sparta and maintained its Empire.

Who helped Sparta defeat Athens?

The Spartans began to gather allies to conquer Athens. They even enlisted the help of the Persians who lent them money to build a fleet of warships. Athens, however recovered and won a series of battles between 410 and 406 BC. In 405 BC the Spartan general Lysander defeated the Athenian fleet in battle.

Who did Sparta turn to for help against Athens?

During the invasion of Xerxes, the Persian king, in 480 BCE, Sparta was briefly allied with Athens. However, during the Peloponnesian Wars of 460 to 446 BCE and 431 to 404 BCE, Sparta fought against Athens and won, with the help of the Persians.

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When did Athens invade Sicily?

In 415 BC the Athenian assembly, led by Alcibiades, voted to invade Sicily. The city-state of Segesta had promised huge financial aid in return for assistance against its enemy Selinus.

Why did nicias advise the Athenians against sending the expedition to Sicily?

Athens was now politically divided between Nicias’ peace party and Alcibiades’ war party. … Nicias advised the people’s assembly that sending an expedition to Sicily would expose Athens to attack by the Peloponnesian League and would open hostilities with enemies too numerous and too difficult to conquer and rule.

What finally caused Athens to surrender to Sparta ending the Peloponnesian War?

Learning from its past experiences with the Athenian navy, they established a fleet of warships. It would be another decade of warfare before the Spartan general Lysander defeated the Athenian fleet at Aegospotami. This defeat led to Athenian surrender. As a result, the Peloponnesian War was concluded.

Why did the Athenians execute their famous philosophers Socrates?

In 399 B.C.E., Socrates was executed by the Athenian court on charges of impiety and corrupting the youth. The controversial decision lingers atop the great legacy of Athens, a city praised for its intellectual and political liberty.

Why did Alcibiades betray Athens?

Alcibiades could not practice his master’s virtues, and his example of undisciplined and restless ambition strengthened the charge brought against Socrates in 399 of corrupting the youth of Athens.