The Athenian jurors were chosen randomly by lot, which meant that juries would consist, in theory, of a wide range of members from different social classes. Jurors were chosen on an annual basis, as were all other offices within the state (with the exception of the generals, known as strategoi).
How were trials in Athens?
Here are the basic parameters: Any citizen could initiate a trial (there were no public prosecutors in Athens) simply by registering it with the magistrate under whose jurisdiction it fell; the magistrate would preside over a trial to be judged by a jury of 200+ randomly selected men who would listen first to …
Does Greece have trial by jury?
It is very citizens obligation to serve on a jury if called to do so. For jury trials, there are 6-12 jurors. Jurors are paid, very little, but they are paid around $10 a day plus mileage.
What did the jury do in Athens?
In Athens, jurors did not retire to a juryroom to deliberate–they made their decisions without discussion among themselves, based in large part on their own interpretations of the law. The 500 jurors voted on his guilt or innocence by dropping bronze ballot disks of the sort pictured above into marked urns.
Did Athens or Sparta have a jury system?
Athenians loved their freedom. Sparta was ruled by a select few. … In their democracy, Athenians had duties. They had to obey the laws, serve in the military, help run the city, pay taxes, and serve on juries.
How were jury votes determined in Athens?
Whoever received the most votes won the case. If an individual was convicted of a crime, there was a second part of the trial where the jury voted which proposed punishment would be used. The decision of the jury was final.
How were trials in Athens similar to trials in the?
Terms in this set (10)
How where trials in Athens similar to trials in the United States today? The accused was considered innocent until proven guilty. How did Spartan government differ from Athenian government?
Was Athens a direct democracy?
Athenian democracy was a direct democracy made up of three important institutions. The first was the ekklesia, or Assembly, the sovereign governing body of Athens.
Who carried out justice in Athens?
At the present stage of research, the only judicial system sufficiently known to warrant description is that of 4th-century Athens. In the democratic period its justice was administered by magistrates, popular courts (dikastēria), and the Areopagus.
Did Athens have written laws?
According to Plutarch, when Solon revised the laws of Athens in the 6th century BCE , he wrote the new laws on wooden tablets (Plut. … By inscribing laws, either on wood or in stone, and setting them in a public place, knowledge of the laws was made available to all citizens, rather than to a small elite.
Who invented trial by jury?
By the late 800s, under the leadership of Alfred the Great, trial by a jury of one’s peers became the norm throughout England. William Blackstone, the great historian of English common law, considered the Frankish Inquest, developed in 829 A. D. as the start of the modern jury system.
How was a trial in ancient Athens different from one today?
Unlike a modern trial, in which evidence is presented in a highly fragmented form and later synthesized into a coherent case by the attorneys’ summation, Athenian litigants provided a largely uninterrupted narrative of their case punctuated with the reading of evidence; in an Athenian court the evidence did not make …
What was required of jurors in ancient Athens?
Rather, the system relied on the size of the panel combined with the binding power of an oath. Before hearing cases, all jurors were required to swear by the gods Zeus, Apollo and Demeter that they would listen impartially and vote based on the law and principles of justice.
How did Athens differ from Sparta?
The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. … Moreover, Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, whereas Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering.
Was Sparta or Athens better?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers.
Did Sparta or Athens have citizens as the upper class?
Upper classes had all power and privilege. Helots (slaves) did all nonmilitary work. All citizens were equal. Women and slaves were excluded from becoming citizens.
|Branch of Government||Sparta||Athens|
|Judicial||Kings acted as judges.||Court- very large juries chosen by lot who used secret ballots to reach a verdict.|