The formation of the Delian League, or Athenian League, in 478 B.C. united several Greek city-states in a military alliance under Athens, ostensibly to guard against revenge attacks from the Persian Empire. … It became a 15-year conflict between Athens and Sparta and their allies.
Did Athens and Sparta work together against Persia?
The Greeks continued to set up colonies throughout the region. … Athenian armies helped the Greeks rebel against the Persians. The Persian King, Darius, saw Greeks from the mainland (the largest Greek island) as a threat to his empire. Darius decided to stop the Greeks from interfering.
What was the relationship of Athens and Sparta in the Persian wars?
The answer to this question depends upon the time period. In the Persian Wars, in the first third of the fifth century BCE, Athens and Sparta were begruding allies who cooperated to help repel the Persian invasion of mainland Greece.
Who fought against Persia Athens or Sparta?
With a thin centre and strengthened wings, the line of about 10,000 Athenians and 1,000 Plataeans charged the enemy infantry before the cavalry could return. The Greek wings defeated the Persians and wheeled inward to attack the Persian centre, which had driven the Greek centre back.
Did Athenians and Spartans fight together?
The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). … The war featured two periods of combat separated by a six-year truce.
Did Greece win against Persia?
Although the Greeks finally beat the Persians in the Battle of Platea in 479 B.C., thus ending the Greco-Persian Wars, many scholars attribute the eventual Greek success over the Persians to the Spartans’ defense at Thermopylae.
Why did Sparta fight Persia?
In the late summer of 480 B.C., Leonidas led an army of 6,000 to 7,000 Greeks from many city-states, including 300 Spartans, in an attempt to prevent the Persians from passing through Thermopylae. … A local Greek told Xerxes about this other route and led the Persian army across it, enabling them to surround the Greeks.
Who won the Athens and Sparta war?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.
Who beat the Persian Empire?
One of history’s first true super powers, the Persian Empire stretched from the borders of India down through Egypt and up to the northern borders of Greece. But Persia’s rule as a dominant empire would finally be brought to an end by a brilliant military and political strategist, Alexander the Great.
Was Athens or Sparta better?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers.
Did Persia burn Athens?
The Achaemenid destruction of Athens was accomplished by the Achaemenid Army of Xerxes I during the Second Persian invasion of Greece, and occurred in two phases over a period of two years, in 480–479 BCE.
Who defeated Sparta?
A large Macedonian army under general Antipater marched to its relief and defeated the Spartan-led force in a pitched battle. More than 5,300 of the Spartans and their allies were killed in battle, and 3,500 of Antipater’s troops.
Why did Athens and Sparta fight?
The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. … This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.
Why did Athens lose to Sparta?
Under the Spartan general Lysander, the war raged for another decade. By in 405 B.C. Lysander decimated the Athenian fleet in battle and then held Athens under siege, forcing it to surrender to Sparta in 404 B.C.
Why were Athens and Sparta rivals?
The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.