Pericles set about toppling the Areopagus (ar-ee-OP-uh-guhs), or the noble council of Athens, in favor of a more democratic system that represented the interests of the people. He introduced the practice of paying citizens to serve on juries, which allowed poor men to leave work and participate in the justice system.
How did the government change in Athens?
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.
What are 3 things that Pericles did to strengthen Athens?
Lesson at a Glance
During his time, he sponsored social programs, the arts, and education. He also led Athens into war with Sparta, rallying the spirits of his people during this time. Pericles was a patron of the arts and encouraged new architecture and building styles.
What changes did Pericles introduce into Greek government to make it more democratic?
What changes did Pericles introduce into Greek government to make it more democratic than what had existed before his time? he strengthened Greek government by increasing the number of paid public officials and paid jurors. This allowed poorer citizens to participate in the government.
How did the government of ancient Athens change over time?
Over time some city-states, like Athens would change governments. Sometimes they were ruled by Tyrants and, at other times, they were a democracy. Democracy in Ancient Greece was very direct. What this means is that all the citizens voted on all the laws.
What did Pericles accomplish?
495 bce, Athens—died 429, Athens), Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century bce, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece. His achievements included the construction of the Acropolis, begun in 447.
Why was Pericles successful?
Pericles is perhaps most famous for his great building projects. He wanted to establish Athens as the leader of the Greek world and wanted to build an acropolis that represented the city’s glory. He rebuilt many temples on the acropolis that were destroyed by the Persians.
What type of government was Pericles describing?
The type of government that Pericles was describing was a democracy. In his funeral oration he stated that “A men may serve his country no matter how low his position on the social scale” (Document 3). In Athens, every free citizen had an equal opportunity to advance and to serve their country.
How did Pericles promote radical democracy in Athens?
Politics soon took priority over the arts for Pericles. … Pericles ushered in what is considered “radical democracy.” This meant that ordinary Athenian citizens were paid by the state to participate in public affairs. Previously, only the wealthy could afford the time to participate in politics.
How did Pericles impact the world?
Pericles transformed his city’s alliances into an empire and graced its Acropolis with the famous Parthenon. His policies and strategies also set the stage for the devastating Peloponnesian War, which would embroil all Greece in the decades following his death.
How did Pericles decision to increase the number of paid public officials?
To strengthen democracy, Pericles increased the number of public officials who were paid salaries, Earlier in Athens, most positions in public office were unpaid. Thus, only wealthier Athenian citizens could afford to hold public office. Now even the poorest citizens could serve if elected or chosen by lot.
What type of government did ancient Athens have?
The first known democracy in the world was in Athens. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government.
How is government in the United States today different from government in ancient Athens?
How is government in the United States today different from government in ancient Athens? Answer: Explanation: The Athenian state was actually a direct democracy while the US is a representative democracy. Citizens are allowed to vote in both states, and both also have a bicameral legislature.
What different systems of government did Sparta and Athens have?
In Ancient Greece there were two different major forms of government, oligarchy and democracy. … The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy). Athens focused more on culture, while Sparta focused more on war.