Because farming didn’t produce huge surpluses, and travel across the terrain was difficult, the Greeks came to depend on the sea. People living near the Mediterranean, Aegean, and Ionian Seas became fishers, sailors, and merchants.
How did the geography affect Greece?
Greece’s steep mountains and surrounding seas forced Greeks to settle in isolated communities. Travel by land was hard, and sea voyages were hazardous. Most ancient Greeks farmed, but good land and water were scarce. … Many ancient Greeks sailed across the sea to found colonies that helped spread Greek culture.
How were the people of ancient Greece affected by their geography?
Geography had an enormous impact on the ancient Greek civilization. … The people of ancient Greece took advantage of all this saltwater and coastline and became outstanding fishermen and sailors. There was some farmland for crops, but the Greeks could always count on seafood and waterfowl to eat.
How did Greece geography affect its economy?
Greece’s geography impacted social, political, and economic patterns in a variety of ways, such as that its mountains prevented complete unification, led to the establishment of the city states near the sea, led to a reliance on naval powers, hindered overland trade, and encouraged maritime trade around the …
How did geography influence the development of ancient Greece quizlet?
Another way geography influenced Greek development was islands, peninsulas, and mountains caused Greeks to form independent city-states. The final reason why the development of Ancient Greece was influenced by geography is that the Greeks had a strong navy because of their location on the sea.
How did the geography of ancient Greece affect its political organization?
How did the geography of ancient Greece affect its political organization? The seas helped communities to unite and form a single empire. The islands were exposed to invaders and caused cities to unite. The peninsulas encouraged expansion and led to regional governments.
How did geography play a role in Greece?
The geography of the region helped to shape the government and culture of the Ancient Greeks. Geographical formations including mountains, seas, and islands formed natural barriers between the Greek city-states and forced the Greeks to settle along the coast.
How did the climate affect ancient Greece?
The climate of Greece also presented a challenge for early farmers. Summers were hot and dry, and winters were wet and windy. Ancient Greeks raised crops and animals well suited to the environment. Wheat and barley were grown, and olives and grapes were harvested.
What is the impact of geography on the population of Greece and why?
Greek city-states likely developed because of the physical geography of the Mediterranean region. The landscape features rocky, mountainous land and many islands. These physical barriers caused population centers to be relatively isolated from each other. The sea was often the easiest way to move from place to place.
What role did geography play in its development and why did the Greeks consider it a unique and valuable institution?
Geography plays a critical role in shaping civilizations, and this is particularly true of ancient Greece. … This easy access to water meant that the Greek people might naturally become explorers and traders. Second, Greece’s mountainous terrain led to the development of the polis (city-state), beginning about 750 B.C.E.
How did the climate and geography influence the settlers of Ancient Greece quizlet?
How did the climate and geography influence the settlers of ancient Greece? – The poor farmland limited the sizes of communities. – The rocky terrain provided protection from invasion. – The mountains provided a mild climate all year for farming.