How did the geography of Athens and Sparta influence their economies?

How did the geography of Athens affect its economy?

This result was driven by its geographical features that played a large role in shaping the city’s economy, and consequently, the political system. … Because of the lack of fertile soil in Athens for producing crops such as wheat, Athens had an agricultural system that relied primarily on the production of olives.

How did the economies of Sparta and Athens make them so different?

While the Athenian economy depended on trade, Sparta’s economy relied on farming and on conquering other people. Sparta didn’t have enough land to feed all its people, so Spartans took the land they needed from their neighbors.

How did geography affect Athens?

The geography of the region helped to shape the government and culture of the Ancient Greeks. Geographical formations including mountains, seas, and islands formed natural barriers between the Greek city-states and forced the Greeks to settle along the coast.

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How did the geography of Greece impact culture and economy?

Greece’s geography impacted social, political, and economic patterns in a variety of ways, such as that its mountains prevented complete unification, led to the establishment of the city states near the sea, led to a reliance on naval powers, hindered overland trade, and encouraged maritime trade around the …

How did geography affect Sparta?

Sparta had protection from the mountains and had good farmland. So there for they could feed the warriors. Also they used the area to there advantages. Cause: Athens had a Mediterranean climate.

What is the geography of Athens?

Athens is the capital and largest city in Greece, With a population of about 3,5 million people and long history, Athens stretches on a large peninsula that is protected by mountains from all sides of the horizon: Mt Egaleo to the west, Mt Parnes to the north, Mt Pentelikon to the northeast and Mt Hymettus to the east.

How were the Athens and Sparta different?

The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. … Moreover, Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, whereas Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering.

What is the geography of Sparta?

Sparta is located in the region of Laconia, in the south-eastern Peloponnese. Ancient Sparta was built on the banks of the Eurotas River, the largest river of Laconia, which provided it with a source of fresh water. The valley of the Eurotas is a natural fortress, bounded to the west by Mt.

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How did geography influence Greece?

Greece’s steep mountains and surrounding seas forced Greeks to settle in isolated communities. Travel by land was hard, and sea voyages were hazardous. Most ancient Greeks farmed, but good land and water were scarce. … Many ancient Greeks sailed across the sea to found colonies that helped spread Greek culture.

How did the geography of Greece influence and impact its overall development as a civilization?

Greek civilization developed into independent city-states because Greece’s mountains, islands, and peninsulas separated the Greek people from each other and made communication difficult. The steep mountains of the Greek geography also affected the crops and animals that farmers raised in the region.

How did the geography of Greece impact its development?

The mountains isolated Greeks from one another, which caused Greek communities to develop their own way of life. Greece is made up of many mountains, isolated valleys, and small islands. This geography prevented the Greeks from building a large empire like that of Egypt or Mesopotamia.

What is the impact of geography on the population of Greece and why?

Greek city-states likely developed because of the physical geography of the Mediterranean region. The landscape features rocky, mountainous land and many islands. These physical barriers caused population centers to be relatively isolated from each other. The sea was often the easiest way to move from place to place.

What did Athens and Sparta have in common?

One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an assembly, whose members were elected by the people. … Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.

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What was the economy like in ancient Greece?

Ancient Greece relied heavily on imported goods. Their economy was defined by that dependence. Agricultural trade was of great importance because the soil in Greece was of poor quality which limited crop production.