What caused Athens downfall?
Three major causes of the rise and fall of Athens were its democracy, its leadership, and its arrogance. The democracy produced many great leaders, but unfortunately, also many bad leaders. Their arrogance was a result of great leadership in the Persian Wars, and it led to the end of Athenian power in Greece.
What was Athens strategy?
Initially Athens’ strategy, as guided by Pericles, was to avoid open battle with the more numerous and better trained Spartan hoplites, and to instead rely on Athens’ superior naval fleet.
What was Pericles strategy for defeating the Spartans in the Peloponnesian War How did it backfire?
The Peloponnesian War and the Death of Pericles
Pericles adopted a strategy that played to the Athenians’ advantage as a naval force by evacuating the Attic countryside to deny the superior Spartan armies anyone to fight. When the Spartans arrived at Attica, they found it empty.
How did Sparta defeat Athens?
Pericles decided to use some of the league’s money for his own use. Some city-states did not support the alliance and created an anti-Athens alliance with Sparta. Athens was powerful at sea with their navy (Sparta didn’t have a navy). … Sparta was able to defeat Athens at sea, and Athens surrendered.
Why did Sparta and Athens go to war?
The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. … This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.
What different strategies did Sparta and Athens have?
Instead, this article views the war as a contest between two opposing grand strategic designs. In contrast to the Athenian grand strategy of exhaustion, based on Athens’s economic power, Sparta followed a grand strategy of annihilation centered around Spartan military might.
What were the war strategies of Athens and Sparta?
According to Thucydides, Athenian military activity in the Archidamian War was dominated by the so-called Periklean strategy, that is, a long-term, coherent plan of ceding the Attic countryside to the Spartans, avoiding pitched battle, using naval superiority to harass the Spartans and their allies, taking advantage of …
Was Athens or Sparta better?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers.
What did Pericles do for Athens?
Pericles was an Athenian statesman who played a large role in developing democracy in Athens and helped make it the political and cultural center of ancient Greece. Pericles was born in 495 B.C.E. in Athens to an aristocratic family.
What eventually killed Pericles?
Pericles was descended, through his mother, from the powerful and historically-influential Alcmaeonid family. He, along with several members of his family, succumbed to the Plague of Athens in 429 BC, which weakened the city-state during a protracted conflict with Sparta.
Why was Pericles deposed?
Weakness of Pericles’ strategy
The overcrowding had an unforeseeable consequence in a plague, which in the second summer of the war took a quarter of the population. No obvious success counterbalanced the discomforts of war, and Pericles was deposed from office and fined.
What war did Athens and Sparta fight and how did it end?
The Peloponnesian War was fought between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta. It lasted from 431 BC to 404 BC. Athens ended up losing the war, bringing an end to the golden age of Ancient Greece.
Did Sparta ever lose a war?
The decisive defeat of the Spartan hoplite army by the armed forces of Thebes at the battle of Leuctra in 371 B.C. ended an epoch in Greek military history and permanently altered the Greek balance of power.
Why was Sparta jealous of Athens?
The Spartans were jealous of the Athenians because the politician and general tasked with leading the Delian League — a coalition of a number of Greek city-states to protect Greece from the Persians — was Athenian, not Spartan. … Sparta kept its cool for a while.