archon, Greek Archōn, in ancient Greece, the chief magistrate or magistrates in many city-states. The office became prominent in the Archaic period, when the kings (basileis) were being superseded by aristocrats. At Athens the list of annual archons begins with 682 bc.
What did magistrates do in ancient Athens?
Here are the basic parameters: Any citizen could initiate a trial (there were no public prosecutors in Athens) simply by registering it with the magistrate under whose jurisdiction it fell; the magistrate would preside over a trial to be judged by a jury of 200+ randomly selected men who would listen first to …
How did citizens become a magistrate in ancient Athens?
If Athenians felt that they had been wronged by someone, or if they thought that someone was not acting in the best interest of society, they would bring their complaint to a magistrate. Magistrates were citizens and officers of the court, who were chosen by lottery for a one-year term.
What was the chief magistrate in Athens called?
The archon was the chief magistrate in many Greek cities, but in Athens there was a council of archons which exerted a form of executive government.
What were the jobs in ancient Athens?
There were many jobs for men in Ancient Greece including farmer, fisherman, soldier, teacher, government worker, and craftsman. The women, however, were generally homemakers and would raise the children and cook the meals.
What were magistrates responsible for?
The Roman magistrates were elected officials in Ancient Rome. During the period of the Roman Kingdom, the King of Rome was the principal executive magistrate. His power, in practice, was absolute. He was the chief priest, lawgiver, judge, and the sole commander of the army.
What is a local magistrate?
A local official whose authority is limited to whatever has been granted by statute or specified in the appointment. 2. In local or state courts, a justice of the peace or other judicial officer who has strictly limited authority and jurisdiction to hear certain cases, often criminal cases or small claims.
How does one become a magistrate?
To become a Magistrate
- Magistrates are usually appointed by a State or Federal Governor or Attorney-General. To be eligible, you need to have completed a law degree and have been licensed to practise law for a minimum of eight years. Find a Bachelor of Laws.
- Registration or licencing may be required.
How did democracy operate in ancient Athens?
Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.
What type of ruler was peisistratus?
Pisistratus ruled Athens by the use of force, but as a turannos (tyrant) he was benevolent and law-abiding. Aristotle called his reign the “golden age”; it was noted for the expansion of industry and commerce, domestic tranquility, and neutrality in foreign affairs.
What was the chief magistrate in Athens called quizlet?
Ancient Greek city-state. A city, but self-governed. archon: The chief magistrates of Athens.
What was the ancient Greek leader called?
Archon (Greek: ἄρχων, romanized: árchōn, plural: ἄρχοντες, árchontes) is a Greek word that means “ruler”, frequently used as the title of a specific public office.
What were judges called in ancient Greece?
dicastery, a judicial body in ancient Athens. Dicasteries were divisions of the Heliaea from the time of the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes (c. 508–507 bc), when the Heliaea was transformed from an appellate court to a court with original jurisdiction.
What was Sparta’s jobs?
The Spartans’ way of life would not have been possible without the Helots, who handled all the day-to-day tasks and unskilled labor required to keep society functioning: They were farmers, domestic servants, nurses and military attendants.
What ancient Greece ate?
The ancient Greeks would eat eggs from quail and hens, fish, legumes, olives, cheeses, bread, figs, and any vegetables they could grow, which might include arugula, asparagus, cabbage, carrots, and cucumbers. Meats were reserved for the wealthy.
Who were the slaves in ancient Greece?
The terminology differs: the slave is no longer do-e-ro (doulos) but dmōs. In the Iliad, slaves are mainly women taken as booty of war, while men were either ransomed or killed on the battlefield. In the Odyssey, the slaves also seem to be mostly women. These slaves were servants and sometimes concubines.