What is an effect of harsh and mountainous geography in Greece?

How was Greece affected by its mountainous geography?

Greek civilization developed into independent city-states because Greece’s mountains, islands, and peninsulas separated the Greek people from each other and made communication difficult. The steep mountains of the Greek geography also affected the crops and animals that farmers raised in the region.

What was the effect of mountains covering most of Greece?

Chapter 7 – Ancient Greece

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Mount Olympus Greece’s highest and most famous mountain
What effect did the mountains of Greece have on the Greek people? Made inland travel hard, seperated villages, made it difficult to farm, and influenced religion
harbors sheltered places with deep water close to shore

What are some problems with the geography of Greece?

The country’s rugged geography makes administration from a central government difficult. A scarcity of arable land combined with poor overland transportation also complicate capital formation, making Greece one of the least developed countries in the eurozone.

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What was the effect of geography on Greek history and culture?

The geography of the region helped to shape the government and culture of the Ancient Greeks. Geographical formations including mountains, seas, and islands formed natural barriers between the Greek city-states and forced the Greeks to settle along the coast.

Why was communication difficult between communities in ancient Greece?

Most ancient Greeks traveled by and lived near the water. … The mountains and the seas of Greece contributed greatly to the isolation of ancient Greek communities. Because travel over the mountains and across the water was so difficult, the people in different settlements had little communication with each other.

Why was travel difficult in ancient Greece?

Travel by land in ancient Greece was difficult. Roads were nothing more than dirt paths that were dry and dusty during the summer and muddy during the winters. … Roads were very expensive so they were rarely built, and then only on the most traveled routes.

What effect did the geography of ancient Greece have on its early development?

What effect did the geography of ancient Greece have on its early development? The mountainous terrain led to the creation of independent city-states. A lack of natural seaports limited communication. An inland location hindered trade and colonization.

What is the mountain range covering most of Greece?

80% of Greece is mountainous. The Pindus mountain range lies across the center of the country in a northwest-to-southeast direction, with a maximum elevation of 2,637 m.

Why did the mountainous terrain of Greece impact its political development?

The country’s mountainous terrain, many isolated valleys, and numerous offshore islands encouraged the formation of many local centers of power, rather than one all-powerful capital. Another key factor influencing the formation of city-states rather than kingdoms was the Mediterranean.

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Why was it hard to farm in Greece?

It was hard to do farming in Ancient Greece because there was not good soil. There was hardly any soil and the soil that was there was often dry and hard to plant crops in.

What was the effect of Greek colonies throughout the Mediterranean region?

The establishment of colonies across the Mediterranean permitted the export of luxury goods such as fine Greek pottery, wine, oil, metalwork, and textiles, and the extraction of wealth from the land – timber, metals, and agriculture (notably grain, dried fish, and leather), for example – and they often became lucrative …

How did settlers of ancient Greece adapt to the climate and geography of the mountainous regions?

How did settlers of ancient Greece adapt to the climate and geography of the mountainous regions? … – They developed extensive trade routes through the mountains. – They used fertile mountain farmland for growing grapes and olives. They used the mountains for raising sheep and goats.

What two ways that water surrounding Greece affected the ancient Greeks?

Seas surround parts of Greece. The Seas allowed the Greeks to travel and trade. Trade encouraged cultural diffusion. The seas allowed the Greeks to depend heavily on trade.