What role did Athens take after the Persian Wars?

Athens, and other Greek cities, sent aid, but were quickly forced to back down after defeat in 494 BCE. Subsequently, the Persians suffered many defeats at the hands of the Greeks, led by the Athenians. … The end of the Persian Wars led to the rise of Athens as the leader of the Delian League.

What did Athens do after the Persian War?

At the end of the Persian wars, the city of Athens was in ruins. A great Athenian named Pericles (PER-uh-kleez) inspired the people of Athens to rebuild their city. Under his leadership, Athens entered its Golden Age, a period of peace and wealth.

How did the Persian wars affect the Athenians?

Athens showed the rest of Greece that the Persians could be beaten. In the second invasion of Greece led by Xerxes, the Athenians lost the sea battle of Artemisium. … Athens was evacuated and then captured by the Persians and the Athenian navy retreated to the island Salamis where they defeated the Persian fleet.

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How did Athens create its empire after the Persian wars?

The Megarians withdrew from alliance with Sparta and went into alliance with Athens. Athens thus gained an important base on the Eastern end of the Corinthian gulf, and also was able to block the Isthmus of Corinth. In the years after 460, the Delian League became the Athenian Empire.

What was the result of the Persian wars?

As a result of the allied Greek success, a large contingent of the Persian fleet was destroyed and all Persian garrisons were expelled from Europe, marking an end of Persia’s advance westward into the continent. The cities of Ionia were also liberated from Persian control.

Who had defeat Athens?

The Achaemenid destruction of Athens was accomplished by the Achaemenid Army of Xerxes I during the Second Persian invasion of Greece, and occurred in two phases over a period of two years, in 480–479 BCE.

How did Athens benefit from victory in the Persian Wars?

Athens benefited from the victory of the Persian Wars because it was able to assume an even larger leadership role among the Greek city-states.

What was the result of the Persian war and how did it affect Athens?

After initial Persian victories, the Persians were eventually defeated, both at sea and on land. The wars with the Persians had a great effect on ancient Greeks. The Athenian Acropolis was destroyed by the Persians, but the Athenian response was to build the beautiful buildings whose ruins we can still see today.

How did the Athenians defeat the Persian?

According to Herodotus’ account, the flanks of the Athenian army defeated the Persians, and then engulfed the Persians in the center. The Athenians won the battle, killing an estimated 6,400 Persians while losing only 192 men (these numbers were likely exaggerated by Herodotus).

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How did the Persian Wars and their aftermath affect the politics and culture of ancient Greece?

How did the Persian Wars and their aftermath affect the politics and culture of ancient Greece? Greek and Persian cultures clashed in the Persian Wars. Athens and Sparta led resistance to Persian invasions, and final victory left Athens a naval and imperial power. … By contrast, Spartan women enjoyed some prestige.

How did Athens impact Greece?

Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.

Why did Athens become the leading power of Greece after the Persian Wars?

Leader of the Delian League

Cities (in blue) that fought against the Persians and formed members of the Delian League. The excuse that Persia’s threat gave and Athens’ wealth proved to be key in Athens consolidating power within the Delian league (Figure 1).

What did the Athenians do after losing the Battle of Thermopylae?

The Athenians opted to withdraw their civilian population to the island of Salamis, just off the coast from Athens. Then, after the Persians occupied Athens, the combined naval forces of the free Greeks engaged the Persians in a sea battle that has gone down in history as the Battle of Salamis.

Did the Persian empire conquer Athens?

However, while en route to attack Athens, the Persian force was decisively defeated by the Athenians at the Battle of Marathon, ending Persian efforts for the time being.

Greco-Persian Wars.

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Date 499–449 BC
Location Mainland Greece, Thrace, Aegean Islands, Asia Minor, Cyprus and Egypt
Result Greek victory

How was Athens different from Sparta quizlet?

Democracy in Athens was limited to citizens. … They are different because Athens was a democracy and Sparta was a strictly-ruled military state.