Many colonies (Ancient Greek: ἀποικία, romanized: apoikia, lit. ‘home away from home’) that were founded in this period evolved into strong city-states and became independent of their metropolis.
What were Greek territories called?
This included settlements in modern-day Italy, France, Spain, Turkey, and parts of North Africa. These colonies helped to spread the Greek culture throughout the region. The Greeks called their land “Hellas.” The English word “Greece” comes from the Roman word for the country “Graecia.”
What is a colonies in ancient Greece?
Colonies in antiquity were post-Iron Age city-states founded from a mother-city (its “metropolis”), not from a territory-at-large. Bonds between a colony and its metropolis remained often close, and took specific forms during the period of classical antiquity.
What was the name of the first Greek colony?
Naxos, the earliest Greek colony in Sicily, founded by Chalcidians under Theocles (or Thucles) about 734 bc. It lay on the east coast, south of Tauromenium (modern Taormina), just north of the mouth of the Alcantara River, on what is now Cape Schisò.
What were the Greek colonies of Italy called?
Magna Graecia, (Latin: “Great Greece”, ) Greek Megale Hellas, group of ancient Greek cities along the coast of southern Italy; the people of this region were known to the Greeks as Italiotai and to the Romans as Graeci.
Which is Greece’s easternmost city *?
- Easternmost settlement — Kastellorizo, in the Megisti archipelago ( 36°08′54″N 29°35′30″E)
- Highest point — the peak of Mount Olympus, 2917 m.
- Lowest point — sea level.
- Deepest point — Calypso Deep, Ionian Sea, -5267 m.
What is the name of an ancient Greek city?
There grew to be over 1,000 city-states in ancient Greece, but the main poleis were Athína (Athens), Spárti (Sparta), Kórinthos (Corinth), Thíva (Thebes), Siracusa (Syracuse), Égina (Aegina), Ródos (Rhodes), Árgos, Erétria, and Elis. Each city-state ruled itself.
Who did Greece colonize?
By the seventh and sixth centuries B.C., Greek colonies and settlements stretched all the way from western Asia Minor to southern Italy, Sicily, North Africa, and even to the coasts of southern France and Spain.
What are 3 Greek colonies?
Greeks created settlements along the Aegean coast of Ionia (or Asia Minor) from the 8th century BCE. Important colonies included Miletos, Ephesos, Smyrna, and Halikarnassos.
Why did Greeks form colonies?
The Greeks began founding colonies as far back as 900 to 700 B.C.E. These colonies were founded to provide a release for Greek overpopulation, land hunger, and political unrest. Iron tools and new farming techniques allowed the Greeks to farm larger pieces of land.
Did Greece have any colonies?
In the 7th century, many colonies were founded in Ionia, Southern Italy, Thrace and on the Black Sea. Other Greek colonies were founded on the coast of Gaul, on the Cyrenaica peninsula in Africa and also in Egypt. In this burst of colonial expansion cities such as Corinth, Miletus, Megara and Phocaea took the lead.
Was Phoenicia a Greek colony?
The Phoenicians established colonies and trading posts across the Mediterranean; Carthage, a settlement in northwest Africa, became a major civilization in its own right in the seventh century BC.
|Phoenicia / Pūt (Phoenician) Φοινίκη Phoiníkē (Greek)|
|Historical era||Classical antiquity|
|• Established||2500 BC|
Was Marseille a Greek colony?
Marseille, France was originally founded circa 600 BC as the Greek colony of Massalia and populated by Greeks from Phocaea (modern Foça, Turkey). It became the preeminent Greek polis in the Hellenized region of southern Gaul.
What is the real name of Greece?
The ancient and modern name of the country is Hellas or Hellada (Greek: Ελλάς, Ελλάδα; in polytonic: Ἑλλάς, Ἑλλάδα), and its official name is the Hellenic Republic, Helliniki Dimokratia (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία [eliniˈci ðimokraˈti.
Was Sicily a Greek colony?
The existing non-Greek inhabitants of the island were the Sicani, the Siculi, the Elimi and above all the Carthaginians. … Existing scholarship argues that Sicily had been colonised by the Greeks as far as Enna by 500 BC.
Was Thessaly a Greek city state?
Thessaly became part of the modern Greek state in 1881, after four and a half centuries of Ottoman rule. Since 1987 it has formed one of the country’s 13 regions and is further (since the Kallikratis reform of 2011) sub-divided into five regional units and 25 municipalities. The capital of the region is Larissa.