What were guards called in ancient Greece?

The word hoplite (Greek ὁπλίτης, hoplitēs) derives from hoplon (ὅπλον, plural hopla, ὅπλα) meaning a large, round shield, as they were named after their most notable gear. Hoplites were the citizen-soldiers of the Ancient Greek City-states (except Spartans who were professional soldiers).

What are Greek guards called?

The Greek Presidential Guard or Evzones are a group of elite Greek soldiers who are trained to perform various ceremonial duties. They stand guard at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and the Presidential Palace and also raise and lower the flag at the Acropolis every Sunday.

What were Greek commanders called?

Strategos was the title of the commander of a Greek army; we might call them “general”. In a hoplite battle, his place was in the first rank of the phalanx. In democratic Athens, ten generals were elected each year, who were under the supreme command of the polemarch (“war leader”).

What did the Greeks call their shields?

An aspis (Ancient Greek: ἀσπίς, plural aspides, ἀσπίδες), sometimes also referred to as an hoplon (Greek: ὅπλον), was the heavy wooden shield used by the infantry in various periods of ancient Greece.

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What were Athens Warriors called?

The main Greek soldier was the foot soldier called a “hoplite.” Hoplites carried large shields and long spears. The name “hoplite” comes from their shield which they called the “hoplon.”

What is a Tsolias?

Tsolias – Colloquial Word for the Evzone Soldier

Though, these soldiers could take on the ceremonial duties, such as becoming a member of the Presidential Guard.

How many Evzones are there?

Since the Guards are required to be totally still at all times, there is one Evzone in normal fatigues uniform and police surveillance to ensure that no one approaches or harasses the Guards while on duty.

What is the term for a horse mounted soldier?

Historically, cavalry (from the French word cavalerie, itself derived from “cheval” meaning “horse”) are soldiers or warriors who fight mounted on horseback.

What does the Greek word Strategos mean?

Definition of strategus

1 : a leader of an ancient and especially an ancient Greek army. 2 : an officer associated with the hipparch as chief executive of the boule in the Achaean and Aetolian Leagues.

What were the ranks in ancient Greece?

Athenian society was ultimately divided into four main social classes: the upper class; the metics, or middle class; the lower class, or freedmen; and the slave class.

What are Spartan shields called?

The Aspi (also known as a Hoplon) is a large round shield used in Ancient Greece. … It was the Weapon of the Spartans.

What were Roman shields called?

The scutum (Classical Latin: [ˈskuːt̪ʊ̃]; plural scuta) was a type of shield used among Italic peoples in antiquity, and then by the army of ancient Rome starting about the fourth century BC.

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What were Greek shields for?

The Greek shield of Ancient Greece was called a hoplon or aspis. … These large shields were designed for a mass of hoplites to push forward into the opposing army, and it was their most essential equipment. The shield was carried in the left hand. It was used by Spartans as a weapon of attack.

What was Greek armor called?

The defensive armour most used consisted of four pieces: helmet (kranos), cuirass (thorax), shield (aspis) and greaves (knimis). A weapon is called hoplon from which panoply and hoplite (a man with weapons) is derived (initially the shield was called hoplon (όπλον) but today hoplon is a general name for weapon).

What is a group of Spartans called?

Spartan Society

The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens.

What Spartans called?

Sparta

Lacedaemon Λακεδαίμων (Ancient Greek)
Common languages Doric Greek
Religion Greek polytheism
Government Diarchy
King