Is Athens richer than Sparta?
While Spartans relied on agriculture for maintaining their economy, Athens became the foremost trading power of the Mediterranean by the 5th century BC and was thus, considerably richer. … The two city-states that best represent each form of government were Sparta (oligarchy) and Athens (democracy).
Did Sparta have a good economy?
Sparta’s economy relied on farming and conquering other people. Sparta didn’t have enough land to feed its entire population, so Spartans took the land they needed from their neighbors. Because Spartan men spent their lives as warriors, Sparta used slaves and noncitizens to produce needed goods.
Did Athens have a good economy?
The Athenian economy was based on trade. The land around Athens did not provide enough food for all the city’s people. But Athens was near the sea, and it had a good harbor. … In exchange, Athenians traded honey, olive oil, silver, and beautifully painted pottery.
Was Sparta more successful than Athens?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers.
Who won the Persian war?
Though the outcome of battles seemed to tip in Persia’s favor (such as the famed battle at Thermopylae where a limited number of Spartans managed to wage an impressive stand against the Persians), the Greeks won the war. There are two factors that helped the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire.
Why was Athens wealthier than Sparta?
Athens grew vastly wealthier than Sparta essentially because its institutions were optimally adjusted to confront the basic scarcity of grains, whereas the institutions of Sparta were optimally adjusted to sustain its military supremacy.
Why did Sparta lose to Athens?
Sparta decided to retaliate. Learning from its past experiences with the Athenian navy, they established a fleet of warships. It would be another decade of warfare before the Spartan general Lysander defeated the Athenian fleet at Aegospotami. This defeat led to Athenian surrender.
What type of economy was Sparta?
Sparta had a slave-based economy. The laborers included people who had been defeated in battle by Sparta’s army, as well as local native Greeks called Helots. These slaves cultivated enough produce to support Sparta’s military society.
Did Sparta farm or trade?
Sparta’s economy was based on farming and conquering other lands. Sparta took the land they needed from their neighbors and encouraged military power. Sparta discouraged trade because it was afraid contact with other city-states would lead to new ideas and weaken the government.
Did Sparta have an agricultural economy?
Sparta avoided trade with the other major city-states, instead building an agricultural economy based on local production. However, it wasn’t the Spartans who did the producing; rather it was conquered and enslaved people called helots.
What is Athens well known for?
Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.
Did Athens or Sparta encourage trade and travel?
Athens: The Athenians were located near the sea in a region of Greece called Attica. Because the Athenians were so close to the sea, they became traders trading with other civilizations around the Mediterranean region. Proximity to the sea also encouraged Athens to build a strong naval fleet.
What did Athens do better than Sparta?
Athens was better than Sparta because, it had a better government, education system, and had more cultural achievements. … While in Sparta they had an oligarchy, a form of government in which the government power resides in the hands of select few; however in Athens they had a direct government.
Why is Athens a better place to live than Sparta?
The military protected the Athenian way of life. Another reason why Athens would be a better place to live than Sparta is because of their government. Athens’ government is democratic with all free citizens capable of voting or holding a government position.
Athens, by far, had the best navy of all of the ancient Greek city-states.